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Research Interests

George is currently a Research Fellow with the Enterprise Research Centre at Aston Business School. He has a background in Economics and is nearing the completion of his PhD from Maastricht University. His research interests include the economics of knowledge and innovation, capability accumulation, and firm performance, with a special focus on Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs). His doctoral thesis, titled “Microeconomics of capability accumulation: essays on product diversification, innovation and firm dynamics in India,” employs advanced causal inference methodologies and machine learning techniques to delve into the innovation-growth dynamics at the micro level.

Before joining at Aston University, George worked as a Research fellow with UNU-MERIT, Netherlands and involved in various research projects including the Comprehensive Innovation for Sustainable Development (CI4SD) of the United Nations, focusing on firms’ green and digital capabilities and resilience towards shocks, and the Kerala and World Economy project at the Centre for Development Studies, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, which concentrated on the impact of technology adoption on the export behaviour of firms.

Some of his publications include,

Mathew, N., & Paily, G. (2022). STI-DUI innovation modes and firm performance in the Indian capital goods industry: Do small firms differ from large ones?. The Journal of Technology Transfer47(2), 435-458.

Mathew, N., & Paily, G. (2023). Firm Responses to COVID-19 in India. In Reimagining Innovation Systems in the COVID and Post-COVID World (pp. 147-166). Routledge India.

Shekar, K. C., & Paily, G. (2019). The need for an innovation survey in India. Economic and Political Weekly54(38), 19.


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