Photo of Wen Cao
    • School of Engineering and Applied Science, Aston University

      B4 7ET Birmingham

      United Kingdom

    Accepting PhD Students

    20132020
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    Research Output 2013 2020

    2020

    Optimization design and performance analysis of a novel direct-drive pmsm with toroidal windings after shifting the magnetic poles

    Gao, C., Gao, M., Si, J., Feng, H. & Cao, W., 9 Jan 2020, 2019 IEEE Vehicle Power and Propulsion Conference, VPPC 2019 - Proceedings. IEEE, 8952370. (2019 IEEE Vehicle Power and Propulsion Conference (VPPC)).

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

    Optimization Design
    Pole
    Torque
    Performance Analysis
    Poles
    2019

    Accelerated Particle Swarm Optimization for Photovoltaic Maximum Power Point Tracking under Partial Shading Conditions

    Alshareef, M., Lin, Z., Ma, M. & Cao, W., 15 Feb 2019, In : Energies. 12, 4, 623.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Open Access
    File
    Shading
    Particle swarm optimization (PSO)
    Particle Swarm Optimization
    Partial
    Particle accelerators

    Analytical Evaluation of High-Efficiency Induction Motor Losses

    Aarniovuori, L., Lindh, P., Karkkainen, H., Niemela, M., Pyrhonen, J. & Cao, W., 5 Aug 2019, 2019 IEEE International Electric Machines and Drives Conference, IEMDC 2019. IEEE, p. 1501-1507 7 p. 8785380

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

    Induction motors
    Copper
    Stators
    Energy efficiency
    Poles

    Application of the Variational Mode Decomposition for Power Quality Analysis

    Cai, K., Cao, W., Liu, Z., Wang, W. & Li, G., 12 Feb 2019, In : Electric Power Components and Systems. 47, 1-2, p. 43-54 12 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Open Access
    File
    Power quality
    Decomposition
    Independent component analysis
    Electric potential

    A Sensorless and Adaptive Control Strategy for a Wind Turbine Based on the Surface-Mounted Permanent Magnet Synchronous Generator and PWM-CSC

    Xing, N., Xia, J., Cao, W., Lin, Z. & Gadoue, S., 8 Mar 2019, 2019 26th International Workshop on Electric Drives: Improvement in Efficiency of Electric Drives, IWED 2019 - Proceedings. IEEE, p. 1-6 8664302

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

    Synchronous generators
    Wind turbines
    Permanent magnets
    Rotors
    Sensors

    Bi-Signature optical spectroscopy for online fault detection in electrical machines

    Alalibo, B. P., Cao, W. & Liu, Z., 17 Jun 2019, In : The Journal of Engineering . 2019, 17, p. 3634-3638

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Open Access
    File
    Liquefied petroleum gas
    Fault detection
    Diffraction gratings
    Fiber optic sensors
    Condition monitoring

    Comparison of electromagnetic performance of scpm wind power generators with different topologies

    Huang, X., Zhou, C., Zhang, K., Wu, L., Zhang, J. & Cao, W., 1 Mar 2019, In : IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity. 29, 2, 8625601.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Open Access
    File
    electric generators
    Wind power
    torque
    topology
    Torque

    Experimental Investigation of the Losses and Efficiency of 75 kW Induction Motor Drive System

    Aarniovuori, L., Kärkkäinen, H., Niemela, M., Cai, K., Pyrhonen, J. & Cao, W., 9 Dec 2019, IECON 2019 - 45th Annual Conference of the IEEE Industrial Electronics Society. IEEE, (IECON 2019 - 45th Annual Conference of the IEEE Industrial Electronics Society).

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

    Induction motors
    Torque
    Squirrel cage motors
    Frequency converters
    Energy efficiency

    GA Optimization Method for a Multi-Vector Energy System Incorporating Wind, Hydrogen, and Fuel Cells for Rural Village Applications

    Chen, X., Cao, W. & Xing, L., 30 Aug 2019, In : Applied Sciences. 9, 17, 3554.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Open Access
    File
    genetic algorithms
    Energy storage
    Wind power
    fuel cells
    Fuel cells

    High efficiency solar power generation with improved discontinuous pulse width modulation (DPWM) overmodulation algorithms

    Li, L., Wang, H., Chen, X., Bukhari, A. A. S., Cao, W., Chai, L. & Li, B., 9 May 2019, In : Energies. 12, 9, 1765.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Open Access
    File
    Solar power generation
    Pulse width modulation
    High Efficiency
    Modulation
    Photovoltaic System

    Stator Design Aspects for Permanent Magnet Super-conducting Wind Power Generators

    Zhang, K., Huang, X., Wu, L., Fang, Y. & Cao, W., 1 Mar 2019, In : IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity. 29, 2, 8625461.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Open Access
    File
    electric generators
    stators
    permanent magnets
    Wind power
    Stators

    Switched reluctance motor design for electric vehicles based on harmonics and back EMF analysis

    Bukhari, A. A. S., Alalibo, B. P., Cao, W., Lin, Z., Shaikh, S. H., Soomro, T. A., Ansari, S. & Jandan, F. A., 17 Jun 2019, In : The Journal of Engineering . 2019, 17, p. 4220-4225

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Open Access
    File
    Reluctance motors
    Electric vehicles
    Electric potential
    Synchronous motors
    Permanent magnets

    Voltage Source Converter Energy Efficiency Classification in Accordance with IEC 61800-9-2

    Aarniovuori, L., Karkkainen, H., Anuchin, A., Pyrhonen, J., Lindh, P. & Cao, W., 30 Oct 2019, In : IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Open Access
    File
    Energy efficiency
    Electric potential
    Frequency converters
    Electric converters
    Electric power measurement
    2018

    A Low-pass Filter Method to Suppress the Voltage Variations Caused by Introducing Droop Control in DC Microgrids

    Li, F., Lin, Z., Cao, W., Chen, A. & Wu, J., 6 Dec 2018, 2018 IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition (ECCE). IEEE, p. 1151-1155 (2018 IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition (ECCE)).

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

    Low pass filters
    Electric potential
    Power quality

    Analysis of temperature field for a surface-mounted and interior permanent magnet synchronous motor adopting magnetic-thermal coupling method

    Si, J., Zhao, S., Feng, H., Hu, Y. & Cao, W., 29 Mar 2018, In : CES Transactions on Electrical Machines and Systems. 2, 1, p. 166-174

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Open Access
    File
    Synchronous motors
    Permanent magnets
    Temperature distribution
    Computational efficiency
    Hot Temperature

    Controller Strategy for Open-Winding Brushless Doubly-Fed Wind Power Generator with Common Mode Voltage Elimination

    Zhang, F., Zhu, L., Jin, S., Su, X., Ademi, S. & Cao, W., 7 Mar 2018, In : IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics. p. 1-1

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Open Access
    File
    Wind power
    Controllers
    Electric potential
    Energy conversion
    Fault tolerance

    Design and experimental verification of a 72/48 switched reluctance motor for low-speed direct-drive mining applications

    Elhomdy, E., Li, G., Liu, J., Bukhari, S. A. & Cao, W. P., 12 Jan 2018, In : Energies. 11, 1, 192.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Open Access
    File
    Switched Reluctance Motor
    Reluctance motors
    Mining
    Induction Motor
    Induction motors

    Design of a high speed 18/12 switched reluctance motor drive with an asymmetrical bridge converter for electric vehicles

    Bukhari, A. A. S., Ali, S., Shaikh, S. H., Soomro, T. A., Lin, Z. & Cao, W., 26 Apr 2018, 2018 International Conference on Computing, Mathematics and Engineering Technologies (iCoMET). IEEE, p. 1-6

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

    Open Access
    File
    Reluctance motors
    Electric vehicles
    Poles
    Torque
    Machine design

    Energetic macroscopic representation control method for a hybrid-source energy system including wind, hydrogen, and fuel cell

    Yuan, T., Dong, X., Chen, X., Cao, W., Hu, J. & Liu, C., 7 Aug 2018, In : Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy. 10, 4, 043308.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Open Access
    File
    Energy storage
    Fuel cells
    Wind turbines
    Hydrogen
    Wind power

    Hybrid Approach for Detecting and Classifying Power Quality Disturbances Based on the Variational Mode Decomposition and Deep Stochastic Configuration Network

    Cai, K., Alalibo, B., Cao, W., Liu, Z., Wang, Z. & Li, G., 5 Nov 2018, In : Energies. 11, 11, 3040.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Open Access
    File
    Power Quality
    Hybrid Approach
    Power quality
    Disturbance
    Decomposition

    Improved Synchronous Machine Rotor Design for the Easy Assembly of Excitation Coils Based on Surrogate Optimization

    Yuan, T., Yang, N., Zhang, W., Cao, W., Xing, N., Tan, Z. & Li, G., 21 May 2018, In : Energies. 11, 5, p. 1311

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Open Access
    File
    Synchronous Machine
    Coil
    Rotor
    Rotors
    Excitation

    Loss Components and Performance of Modern Induction Motors

    Aarniovuori, L., Niemela, M., Pyrhonen, J., Cao, W. & Agamloh, E. B., 24 Oct 2018, Proceedings - 2018 23rd International Conference on Electrical Machines, ICEM 2018. IEEE, p. 1253-1259 7 p. 8507189. (2018 XIII International Conference on Electrical Machines (ICEM)).

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

    Induction motors
    Electric load loss
    Copper
    Rotors (windings)
    Stators

    Modelling a Vector Controlled Induction Motor in Simulink

    Aamiovuori, L., Karkkainen, H., Niemela, M., Pyrhonen, J., Alalibo, B. & Cao, W., 13 Dec 2018, 2018 X International Conference on Electrical Power Drive Systems (ICEPDS). IEEE

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

    Vector spaces
    Induction motors
    Electric motors
    Equivalent circuits
    Modulators

    Mover design and characteristics analysis of 2DoFDDIM

    Wang, P., Si, J., Feng, H., Hu, Y. & Cao, W., 22 Mar 2018, In : IET Electric Power Applications. 12, 3, p. 373-378

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Open Access
    File
    Induction motors
    Copper

    Optimised Power Error Comparison Strategy for Direct Power Control of the Open-winding Brushless Doubly-Fed Wind Power Generator

    Zhu, L., Zhang, F., Jin, S., Ademi, S., Su, X. & Cao, W., 22 Oct 2018, In : IEEE Transactions on Sustainable Energy.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Open Access
    File
    Power control
    Wind power
    Frequency converters
    Switching frequency
    Fault tolerance

    Optimization strategy for economic power dispatch utilizing retired EV batteries as flexible loads

    Hu, S., Sun, H., Peng, F., Zhou, W., Cao, W., Su, A., Chen, X. & Sun, M., 26 Jun 2018, In : Energies. 11, 7, 1657.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Open Access
    File
    Electric Vehicle
    Electric vehicles
    Battery
    Second Life
    Economics

    The characteristics analysis and cogging torque optimization of a surface-interior permanent magnet synchronous motor

    Si, J., Zhao, S., Zhang, L., Cao, R. & Cao, W., 31 Dec 2018, In : Chinese Journal of Electrical Engineering. 4, 4, p. 41-47

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Open Access
    File
    Synchronous motors
    Permanent magnets
    Torque
    Stators
    Magnetic circuits

    Virtual Inertia Adaptive Control of a Doubly Fed Induction Generator (DFIG) Wind Power System with Hydrogen Energy Storage

    Yuan, T., Wang, J., Guan, Y., Liu, Z., Song, X., Che, Y. & Cao, W., 12 Apr 2018, In : Energies. 11, 4, p. 904

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Open Access
    File
    Hydrogen Storage
    Wind Power
    Energy Storage
    Asynchronous generators
    Adaptive Control
    2017

    An Accurate Virtual Signal Injection Control of MTPA for IPMSM with Fast Dynamic Response

    Wang, J., Huang, X., Yu, D., Chen, Y. Z., Zhang, J., Niu, F., Fang, Y. T., Cao, W. & Zhang, H., 19 Oct 2017, In : IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Open Access
    File
    Synchronous motors
    Permanent magnets
    Dynamic response
    Torque
    Derivatives

    An integrated switched reluctance motor drive topology with voltage-boosting and on-board charging capabilities for plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs)

    Ma, M., Chang, Z., Hu, Y., Li, F., Gan, C. & Cao, W., 4 Dec 2017, In : IEEE Access. 6, p. 1550-1559

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Open Access
    File
    Plug-in hybrid vehicles
    Reluctance motors
    Topology
    Electric potential
    Capacitors

    A novel direct power control for open-winding brushless doubly-fed reluctance generators fed by dual two-level converters using a common DC bus

    Zhu, L., Zhang, F., Jin, S., Yu, S., Ademi, S. & Cao, W., 8 Aug 2017, Proceedings - 2017 IEEE International Symposium on Industrial Electronics, ISIE 2017. IEEE, p. 1901-1906 6 p. 8001541. (2017 IEEE 26th International Symposium on Industrial Electronics (ISIE)).

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

    Open Access
    File
    Power control
    Electric potential
    Fault tolerance
    MATLAB
    Redundancy

    Characteristic analysis and optimization of line-start surface-mounted and interior permanent magnet synchronous motor

    Jikai, S., Zhang, L., Feng, H., Yifeng, Z. & Cao, W., 10 May 2017, In : Diangong Jishu Xuebao/Transactions of China Electrotechnical Society. 32, 9, p. 63-69 7 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Coordinated Control of a Wind-Methanol-Fuel Cell System with Hydrogen Storage

    Yuan, T., Duan, Q., Chen, X., Yuan, X., Cao, W., Hu, J. & Zhu, Q., 4 Dec 2017, In : Energies.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Open Access
    File
    Methanol fuels
    Hydrogen Storage
    Coordinated Control
    Fuel Cell
    Hydrogen storage

    Design of an asymmetrical rotor for easy assembly and repair of field windings in synchronous machines

    Yang, N., Cao, W., Liu, Z. & Morrow, J., 28 Jun 2017, In : IET Journal of Engineering. 2017, 8, p. 427-434

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Open Access
    File
    Repair
    Rotors
    Machine design
    Wind turbines
    Topology

    Dual Two-Level Converters Based on Direct Power Control for an Open-Winding Brushless Doubly-Fed Reluctance Generator

    Jin, S., Shi, L., Zhu, L., Cao, W., Dong, T. & Zhang, F., 12 Apr 2017, In : IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications. 53, 4, p. 3898-3906 9 p., 7898426.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Open Access
    File
    Power control
    Variable structure control
    Topology
    Switching frequency
    Sliding mode control

    Efficiency improvement of non-uniformly-aged PV arrays

    Hu, Y., Zhang, J., Wu, J., Cao, W., Tian, G. Y. & Kirtley, J. L., Feb 2017, In : IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics. 32, 2, p. 1124-1137 14 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Open Access
    File
    Power generation
    Aging of materials
    Electric potential
    Service life
    Short circuit currents

    Electromagnetic loss modeling and demagnetization analysis for high speed permanent magnet machine

    Zhang, Y., McLoone, S. & Cao, W., 11 Oct 2017, In : IEEE Transactions on Magnetics. 99

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Open Access
    File
    Demagnetization
    Permanent magnets
    Rotors
    Eddy currents
    Finite element method

    Fault-Tolerant Converter with a Modular Structure for HVDC Power Transmitting Applications

    Hu, Y., Chen, G., Liu, Y., Jiang, L., Li, P., Finney, S. J., Cao, W. & Chen, H., 24 Jan 2017, In : IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications. 53, 3, p. 2245-2256 12 p., 7831355.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Open Access
    File
    Electric potential
    Wind power
    Redundancy
    DC power transmission
    Offshore wind farms

    High speed permanent magnet motor design and power loss analysis

    Zhang, Y., McLoone, S. & Cao, W., 26 Oct 2017, 2017 IEEE Transportation Electrification Conference and Expo, Asia-Pacific, ITEC Asia-Pacific 2017. IEEE, 8080966

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

    Permanent magnets
    Pole
    Poles
    Rotors
    air

    High-step-up flyback-forward asymmetrical DC-DC converter for photovoltaic power system with active clamping circuit

    He, Z., Cao, W., Lin, Z. & Hu, Y., 23 Mar 2017, The 5th IEEE International Conference on Renewable Energy Research and Applications (ICRERA 2016). IEEE, p. 177-182 6 p.

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

    DC-DC converters
    Topology
    Networks (circuits)
    Electric potential
    Experiments

    Improved condition monitoring of the faulty blower wheel driven by brushless DC motor in air handler unit (AHU)

    Jiang, C., Habetler, T. G. & Cao, W., 13 Feb 2017, ECCE 2016 - IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition, proceedings. IEEE, 5 p. 7855188

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

    Brushless DC motors
    Condition Monitoring
    Blowers
    DC Motor
    Condition monitoring

    Independent current control of dual parallel SRM drive using a public current sensor

    Gan, C., Wu, J., Wang, N., Hu, Y., Cao, W. & Yang, S., Feb 2017, In : IEEE/ASME Transactions on Mechatronics. 22, 1, p. 392-401 10 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Open Access
    File
    Reluctance motors
    Electric current control
    Sensors
    Rare earths
    Costs

    Investigation of Short Permanent Magnet and Stator Flux Bridge Effects on Cogging Torque Mitigation in FSPM Machines

    Gan, C., Wu, J., Shen, M., Kong, W., Hu, Y. & Cao, W., 24 Nov 2017, In : IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Open Access
    File
    Stators
    Permanent magnets
    Torque
    Fluxes
    Topology

    Mathematical model of two-degree-of-freedom direct drive induction motor considering coupling effect

    Si, J., Xie, L., Han, J., Feng, H., Cao, W. & Hu, Y., 1 May 2017, In : Journal of Electrical Engineering and Technology. 12, 3, p. 1227-1234 8 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Open Access
    File
    Induction motors
    Mathematical models
    Robotic arms
    Finite element method
    Industry

    New integrated multilevel converter for switched reluctance motor drives in plug-in hybrid electric vehicles with flexible energy conversion

    Gan, C., Wu, J., Hu, Y., Yang, S., Cao, W. & Guerrero, J. M., May 2017, In : IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics. 32, 5, p. 3754-3766 13 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Open Access
    File
    Plug-in hybrid vehicles
    Reluctance motors
    Energy conversion
    Demagnetization
    Electric potential

    Non-invasive load monitoring of induction motor drives using magnetic flux sensors

    Liu, Z., Tian, G., Cao, W., Dai, X., Shaw, B. & Lambert, R., 10 Feb 2017, In : IET Power Electronics. 10, 2, p. 189-195 7 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Open Access
    File
    Magnetic flux
    Induction motors
    Fluxes
    Monitoring
    Sensors

    Overview of calorimetric systems used in loss determination of electric motors and drives

    Aarniovuori, L., Kärkkäinen, H., Kosonen, A., Pyrhönen, J., Liu, Z. & Cao, W., 18 Dec 2017, IECON 2017 - 43rd Annual Conference of the IEEE Industrial Electronics Society . IEEE

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

    Electric drives
    Electric motors
    Calorimeters

    Performance analysis of the 2DoF direct drive induction motor applying composite multilayer method

    Si, J., Xie, L., Cao, W., Hu, Y. & Feng, H., 1 Apr 2017, In : IET Electric Power Applications. 11, 4, p. 524-531 8 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Open Access
    File
    Induction motors
    Multilayers
    Composite materials
    Magnetic fields
    Finite element method

    Power loss and demagnetization research for high speed permanent magnet electrical machine

    Zhang, Y., McLoone, S. & Cao, W., 15 Aug 2017, 2017 IEEE International Magnetics Conference, INTERMAG 2017. IEEE, 8008032. (2017 IEEE International Magnetics Conference (INTERMAG)).

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

    Open Access
    File
    centrifuges
    Demagnetization
    power loss
    Centrifuges
    demagnetization

    Power Loss and Thermal Analysis of a MW High Speed Permanent Magnet Synchronous Machine

    Zhang, Y., McLoone, S., Cao, W., Qiu, F. & Gerada, C., 1 Dec 2017, In : IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion. 32, 4, p. 1468-1478

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Open Access
    File
    Thermoanalysis
    Permanent magnets
    Demagnetization
    Composite structures
    Numerical models