73 nm wavelength tuning from a frequency-doubled quantum-dot laser in PPKTP waveguides

Ksenia A. Fedorova, Grigorii S. Sokolovskii, Phillip R. Battle, Daniil A. Livshits, Edik U. Rafailov

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference publication

Abstract

A compact all-room-temperature CW 73-nm tunable laser source in the visible spectral region (574nm-647nm) has been demonstrated by frequency-doubling of a broadly-tunable InAs/GaAs quantum dot external-cavity diode laser in periodically-poled potassium titanyl phosphate waveguides with a maximum output power in excess of 12mW and a maximum conversion efficiency exceeding 10%. Three waveguides with different cross-sectional areas (4×4μm2, 3×5μm2 and 2x6μm2) were investigated.


Introduction - Development of compact broadly tunable laser sources in the visible spectral region is currently very attractive area of research with applications ranging from photomedicine and biophotonics to confocal fluorescence microscopy and laser projection displays. In this respect, semiconductor lasers with their small size, high efficiency, reliability and low cost are very promising for realization of such sources by frequency­doubling of the infrared light in nonlinear crystal waveguides. Furthermore, the wide tunability offered by quantum-dot (QD) external-cavity diode lasers (ECDL), due to the temperature insensibility and broad gain bandwidth [1,2], is very promising for the development of tunable visible laser sources [3,4].
In this work we show a compact green-to-red tunable all­room-temperature CW laser source using a frequency-doubled InAs/GaAs QD-ECDL in periodically-poled potassium titanyl phosphate (PPKTP) crystal waveguides. This laser source generates frequency-doubled light over the 574nm-647nm wavelength range utilizing the significant difference in the effective refractive indices of high-order and low-order modes in multimode waveguides [3].

Experimental results - Experimental setup used in this work was similar to that described in [3] and consisted of a QD gain chip in the quasi­Littrow configuration and a PPKTP waveguide. Coarse wavelength tuning of the QD-ECDL between 1140 nm and 1300 nm at 20°C was possible for pump current of 1.5 A. The laser output was coupled into the PPKTP waveguide using an AR-coated 40x aspheric lens (NA ~ 0.55).
The PPKTP frequency-doubling crystal (not AR coated) used in our work was 18 mm in length and was periodically poled for SHG (with the poling period of ~ 11.574 11m). The crystal contained 3 different waveguides with cross-sectional areas of ~ 4x4 11m2, 3x5 11m2 and 2x6 11m2. Both the pump laser and the PPKTP crystal were operating at room temperature.
The waveguides with cross-sectional areas of 4x411m2, 3x511m2 and 2x611m2 demonstrated the tunability in the wavelength ranges of 577nm - 647nm, 576nm -643nm and 574nm - 641nm, respectively, with a maximum output power of 12.04mW at 606 nm

Conclusion - We demonstrated a compact all-room-temperature broadly­tunable laser source operating in the visible spectral region between 574nm and 647nm. This laser source is based on second harmonic generation in PPKTP waveguides with different cross-sectional areas using an InAs/GaAs QD-ECDL

References [I] E.U. Rafailov, M.A. Cataluna, and W. Sibbett, Nat. Phot. 1,395 (2007).
[2] K.A. Fedorova, M.A. Cataluna, I. Krestnikov, D. Livshits, and E.U. Rafailov, Opt. Express 18(18), 19438-19443 (2010).
[3] K.A. Fedorova, G.S. Sokolovskii, P.R. Battle, D.A. Livshits, and E.U. Rafailov, Laser Phys. Lett. 9, 790-795 (2012).
[4] K.A. Fedorova,G.S. Sokolovskii, D.T. Nikitichev, P.R. Battle, I.L. Krestnikov, D.A. Livshits, and E.U. Rafailov, Opt. Lett. 38(15), 2835-2837 (2013)

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings : 2014 international conference Laser Optics
Place of PublicationPiscataway, NJ (US)
PublisherIEEE
Number of pages1
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-4799-3885-8
ISBN (Print)978-1-4799-3884-1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 31 Dec 2014
Event2014 international conference Laser Optics - St. Petersburg, Russian Federation
Duration: 30 Jun 20144 Jul 2014

Conference

Conference2014 international conference Laser Optics
Abbreviated titleLO 2014
CountryRussian Federation
CitySt. Petersburg
Period30/06/144/07/14

Bibliographical note

© 2014 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other uses, in any current or future media, including reprinting/republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works, for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted component of this work in other works.

Funding: EU FP7 programme through the FAST-DOT project (contract no. 224338)

Keywords

  • nonlinear crystals
  • quantum dot lasers
  • second harmonic generation
  • tunable lasers
  • waveguides

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