A comparative analysis of cultural value orientations of Indians and migrant Indians in the USA

Pawan S. Budhwar, Habte Woldu, Emmanuel Ogbonna

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Understanding the cultural value systems of nations is a key factor in anticipating the behaviour of business managers and employees in a specific business environment. Many research studies have acknowledged the impact of culture on communication across nations and its impact on business operations, however no study has attempted to measure and quantify the cultural orientations of people originating from one nation, but working in two different national settings. This study adopted Kluckhohn and Strodtbeck's framework to examine cultural dimensions of a total of 580 Indian respondents comprising two groups: 429 Indian natives living and working in India and 151 Indian migrants living and working in the USA. It initially compares the cultural orientations of the total population of each of the two groups and then examines cultural differences in the same based on demographic characteristics consisting of occupation, gender, age, and level of education. The study found significant cultural value differences between the two groups on both levels of analysis. The theoretical and practical implications of these findings are discussed in detail.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)79-105
Number of pages27
JournalInternational Journal of Cross Cultural Management
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2008


  • comparative cultural values
  • cultural dimensions
  • Indian indigenous value system
  • Indian migrants
  • measuring cultural values


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