A comparative study of HR practices in Britain and India

Pawan S. Budhwar, Naresh Khatri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This paper traces the major developments in the field of human resource management briefly and then highlights the need for more cross-national HRM studies. The results from two parallel surveys of matched Indian and British organizations are presented. The main aim of the surveys was to examine a wide range of HRM policies and practices in a cross-national comparative context. The surveys were run in six industries in the manufacturing sector. The study controlled for a number of variables such as size of the organization, product, industry sector and personnel participation. Influence of a number of contingent variables (such as age, size, nature and life-cycle stage of the organization, presence of unions and human resource strategies) on HRM policies and practices is analysed. The study finds significant differences in recruitment, compensation, training and development and employee communication practices between India and Britain.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)800-826
Number of pages27
JournalInternational Journal of Human Resource Management
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2001


  • comparative Hrm
  • India
  • Britain
  • determinants of Hrm
  • internal labour markets
  • cross-national Hrm
  • human resource management


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