1. The ability of the CGRP antagonist BIBN4096BS to antagonize CGRP and adrenomedullin has been investigated on cell lines endogenously expressing receptors of known composition. 2. On human SK-N-MC cells (expressing human calcitonin receptor-like receptor (CRLR) and receptor activity modifying protein 1 (RAMP1)), BIBN4096BS had a pA 2 of 9.95 although the slope of the Schild plot (1.37±0.16) was significantly greater than 1. 3. On rat L6 cells (expressing rat CRLR and RAMP1), BIBN4096BS had a pA 2 of 9.25 and a Schild slope of 0.89±0.05, significantly less than 1. 4. On human Colony (Col) 29 cells, CGRP 8-37 had a significantly lower pA 2 than on SK-N-MC cells (7.34±0.19 (n=7) compared to 8.35±0.18, (n=6)). BIBN4096BS had a pA 2 of 9.98 and a Schild plot slope of 0.86±0.19 that was not significantly different from 1. At concentrations in excess of 3 nM, it was less potent on Col 29 cells than on SK-N-MC cells. 5. On Rat 2 cells, expressing rat CRLR and RAMP2, BIBN4096BS was unable to antagonize adrenomedullin at concentrations up to 10 μM. CGRP 8-37 had a pA 2 of 6.72 against adrenomedullin. 6. BIBN4096BS shows selectivity for the human CRLR/RAMP1 combination compared to the rat counterpart. It can discriminate between the CRLR/RAMP1 receptor expressed on SK-N-MC cells and the CGRP-responsive receptor expressed by the Col 29 cells used in this study. Its slow kinetics may explain its apparent 'non-competive' behaviour. At concentrations of up to 10 μM, it has no antagonist actions at the adrenomedullin, CRLR/RAMP2 receptor, unlike CGRP 8-37.
- Col 29