A concept-based framework for retrieving evidence to support emergency physician decision making at the point of care

Dympna O'Sullivan, Ken Farion, Stan Matwin, Wojtek Michalowski, Szymon Wilk

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingOther chapter contribution

Abstract

The goal of evidence-based medicine is to uniformly apply evidence gained from scientific research to aspects of clinical practice. In order to achieve this goal, new applications that integrate increasingly disparate health care information resources are required. Access to and provision of evidence must be seamlessly integrated with existing clinical workflow and evidence should be made available where it is most often required - at the point of care. In this paper we address these requirements and outline a concept-based framework that captures the context of a current patient-physician encounter by combining disease and patient-specific information into a logical query mechanism for retrieving relevant evidence from the Cochrane Library. Returned documents are organized by automatically extracting concepts from the evidence-based query to create meaningful clusters of documents which are presented in a manner appropriate for point of care support. The framework is currently being implemented as a prototype software agent that operates within the larger context of a multi-agent application for supporting workflow management of emergency pediatric asthma exacerbations.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationKnowledge management for health care procedures from knowledge to global care, AIME 2007 workshop K4CARE 2007, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, July 7, 2007
Subtitle of host publicationrevised selected papers
EditorsDavid Riaño
Place of PublicationBerlin (DE)
PublisherSpringer
Pages117-126
Number of pages10
ISBN (Print)3-540-78623-6, 978-3-540-78623-8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008
EventAIME 2007 Workshop K4CARE 2007 - Amsterdam, Netherlands
Duration: 7 Jul 2007 → …

Publication series

NameLecture notes in computer science
PublisherSpringer
Volume4924
ISSN (Print)0302-9743

Workshop

WorkshopAIME 2007 Workshop K4CARE 2007
CountryNetherlands
CityAmsterdam
Period7/07/07 → …

Keywords

  • evidence-based medicine
  • medical information retrieval
  • clinical decision support systems

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    O'Sullivan, D., Farion, K., Matwin, S., Michalowski, W., & Wilk, S. (2008). A concept-based framework for retrieving evidence to support emergency physician decision making at the point of care. In D. Riaño (Ed.), Knowledge management for health care procedures from knowledge to global care, AIME 2007 workshop K4CARE 2007, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, July 7, 2007: revised selected papers (pp. 117-126). (Lecture notes in computer science; Vol. 4924). Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-78624-5_9