A cross-national comparison of cultural value orientations of Indian, Polish, Russian and American employees

Habte G. Woldu, Pawan S. Budhwar, Carole Parkes

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This study examines the cultural value orientations (VOs) of employees (managerial and non-managerial) working in three categories of organizations (professional, technical and local services) in India, Poland, Russia and the USA. The analysis is conducted at both the national and organizational levels. The paper hypothesizes cultural differences at the country level and cultural similarities among employees working for professional and technical oriented organizations and divergence in the VOs of employees working for local services organizations. It also hypothesizes differences in the VOs of managerial and non-managerial employees in the four countries. The investigation has been conducted with the help of a questionnaire survey of 1,852 respondents. The outcomes of the analysis show that there are both cross-country cultural differences and similarities among the VOs of employees of the four nations. Further, significant cultural convergence emerges in the VOs of employees working for both professional and technical organizations, however, no significant cultural similarities or differences are observed for employees of service-based organizations in the four countries. There are some similarities emerging between managerial employees in the research countries. The research contributes to the fields of cross-cultural management, international management and international human resource management.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1076-1094
Number of pages19
JournalInternational Journal of Human Resource Management
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2006


  • cross-cultural HRM
  • cultural value orientations
  • emerging markets
  • India
  • Russia
  • Poland
  • USA


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