A Fully Integrated Split-Electrode SSHC Rectifier for Piezoelectric Energy Harvesting

Sijun Du, Yu Jia, Chun Zhao, Gehan A. J. Amaratunga, Ashwin A Seshia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

In order to efficiently extract power from piezoelectric vibration energy harvesters, various active rectifiers have been proposed in the past decade, which include synchronized switch harvesting on inductor (SSHI), synchronous electric charge extraction (SECE), and so on. Although reported active rectifiers show good performance improvements compared to full-bridge rectifiers (FBRs), large off-chip inductors are typically required and the system volume is inevitably increased as a result, counter to the requirement for system miniaturization. In this paper, a fully integrated split-electrode synchronized switch harvesting on capacitors (SSHC) rectifier is proposed, which achieves significant performance enhancement without employing any off-chip components. The proposed circuit is designed and fabricated in a 0.18-μm CMOS process and it is co-integrated with a custom microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) piezoelectric transducer with its electrode layer equally split into four regions. The measured results show that the proposed rectifier can provide up to 8.2x and 5.2x boost, using on-chip and off-chip diodes, respectively, in harvested power compared to an FBR under low excitation levels and the peak rectified output power achieves 186 μW.
Original languageEnglish
Article number8642406
Pages (from-to)1733-1743
Number of pages11
JournalIEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits
Volume54
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 14 Feb 2019

    Fingerprint

Bibliographical note

© 2019 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other uses, in any current or future media, including reprinting/republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works, for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted component of this work in other works.

Keywords

  • Energy harvesting
  • fully integrated system
  • piezoelectric transducers (PTs)
  • power conditioning
  • rectifiers
  • switched capacitors (SCs)
  • synchronized switch harvesting on capacitors (SSHC)
  • synchronized switch harvesting on inductor (SSHI)

Cite this

Du, S., Jia, Y., Zhao, C., Amaratunga, G. A. J., & Seshia, A. A. (2019). A Fully Integrated Split-Electrode SSHC Rectifier for Piezoelectric Energy Harvesting. IEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits, 54(6), 1733-1743. [8642406]. https://doi.org/10.1109/JSSC.2019.2893525