A lean construction and BIM interaction model for the construction industry

Hasan Gokberk Bayhan, Sevilay Demirkesen*, Chengyi Zhang, Algan Tezel

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


An Analytical Network Process (ANP) was created to test the Lean and BIM concepts with data collected from U.S. companies to find the success factors of the Lean/BIM framework. After an extensive literature review, a total of 17 sub-categories for Lean/BIM are classified into three clusters, namely Communication, Production, and Visualization. An ANP network is then established to station the links between the attributes of the framework while computing their importance weights. Eight experienced civil engineers took part in the questionnaire study to assess the relations between the attributes. The main purpose of this study is to reveal the synergy between Lean and BIM with different components reflecting this synergy and present the Lean and BIM synergy on a comprehensive model. The results indicate that Production is the prominent cluster and Production Control, Standardization and Information accuracy are the most important factors in the Lean/BIM synergy. To validate the model, five construction projects were selected to test and observe the results accordingly. The study is expected to help construction industry leaders set their priorities, benefit more from the interaction between Lean and BIM, and revise their strategies accordingly. This study identifies Lean/BIM categories and subcategories as a roadmap for research and implementation. In this context, the study reveals the relationship between the categories/subcategories along with the weights and most and less important categories for Lean/BIM implementation and research.
Original languageEnglish
JournalProduction Planning and Control
Early online date3 Jan 2022
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 3 Jan 2022

Bibliographical note

© 2022 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. This is an Accepted Manuscript version of the following article, accepted for publication in Production Planning & Control. Hasan Gokberk Bayhan, Sevilay Demirkesen, Chengyi Zhang & Algan Tezel (2022) A lean construction and BIM interaction model for the construction industry, Production Planning & Control. It is deposited under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/), which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


  • Analytic Network Process (ANP)
  • Lean Construction
  • BIM
  • Project Management


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