We advance new insights into social entrepreneurship by theorizing the role of different forms of solidary across the government, personal and market spheres in society. We then go on to develop specific predictions about the effects of formal solidarity (welfare state), cultural support for formal solidarity and informal personal solidarity (trust, religiosity) on social entrepreneurship taking a regional perspective. We conduct multi-level analysis in which individuals are nested in regions and countries based on data from the 2009 EU Flash Eurobarometer on Entrepreneurship, the European Social Survey and Eurostat. Our findings advance and help to reconcile past research proposed opposing roles of the welfare state for social entrepreneurship in the institutional support and void perspectives by developing a richer account of how solidarity plays out in different spheres. We find that in regions with higher levels of solidarity individuals are more likely to become social entrepreneurs. One implication is that we find support for a long-term ‘crowding in’ effect of the welfare state.
|Journal||Academy of Management Proceedings|
|Publication status||Published - 31 Jan 2017|
|Event||77th Annual Meeting of the Academy of Management, AOM 2017 - Atlanta, United States|
Duration: 4 Aug 2017 → 8 Aug 2017
- social entrepreneurship
- welfare state