A novel excitation-emission wavelength model to facilitate the diagnosis of urinary bladder diseases

Ilya Rafailov, Scott Palmer, Karina Litvinova, Victor Dremin, Andrey Dunaev, Ghulam Nabi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Published conference outputConference publication


Diseases of urinary bladder are a common healthcare problem world over. Diagnostic precision and predicting response to treatment are major issues. This study aims to create an optical cross-sectionional model of a bladder, capable of visually representing the passage of photons through the tissue layers. The absorption, transmission and reflectance data, along with the derived transmission coefficients (of scattering and absorption) were obtained from literature analysis and were used in the creation of a "generic" cross-section optical property model simulating the passage of thousands of photons through the tissue at different wavelengths. Fluorescence spectra of diagnostically relevant biomarkers excited by the UV and blue wavelengths were modelled on the basis of the Monte-Carlo method. Further to this, fluorescence data gathered by the "LAKK-M" system from pig bladders was applied to the model for a specific representation of the photon passage through the tissues. The ultimate goal of this study is to employ this model to simulate the effects of different laser wavelength and energy inputs to bladder tissue and to determine the effectiveness of potential photonics based devices for the diagnosis of bladder pathologies. The model will aid in observing differences between healthy and pathological bladder tissues registered by photonics based devices.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationPhotonic Therapeutics and Diagnostics XI
EditorsHyun Wook Kang, Justus F. Ilgner, Melissa C. Skala, Laura Marcu, Haishan Zeng, Mark W. Dewhirst, Kenton W. Gregory, Andreas Mandelis, Bernard Choi, Brian Jet-Fei Wong, Claus-Peter Richter, Guillermo J. Tearney, Alfred Nuttal, Nikiforos Kollias
ISBN (Electronic)9781628413939
Publication statusPublished - 26 Feb 2015
EventPhotonic Therapeutics and Diagnostics XI - San Francisco, United States
Duration: 7 Feb 20158 Feb 2015

Publication series

NameProgress in Biomedical Optics and Imaging - Proceedings of SPIE
ISSN (Print)1605-7422


ConferencePhotonic Therapeutics and Diagnostics XI
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CitySan Francisco


  • Bladder cancer
  • Fluorescence spectroscopy
  • Modelling
  • Monte Carlo simulation
  • Non-invasive diagnostics


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