A Piezoresistive Sensor to Measure Muscle Contraction and Mechanomyography

Daniele Esposito, Emilio Andreozzi, Antonio Fratini, Gaetano D. Gargiulo, Sergio Savino, Vicenzo Niola, Paolo Bifulco

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Measurement of muscle contraction is mainly achieved through electromyography (EMG) and is an area of interest for many biomedical applications, including prosthesis control and human machine interface. However, EMG has some drawbacks, and there are also alternative methods for measuring muscle activity, such as by monitoring the mechanical variations that occur during contraction. In this study, a new, simple, non-invasive sensor based on a force-sensitive resistor (FSR) which is able to measure muscle contraction is presented. The sensor, applied on the skin through a rigid dome, senses the mechanical force exerted by the underlying contracting muscles. Although FSR creep causes output drift, it was found that appropriate FSR conditioning reduces the drift by fixing the voltage across the FSR and provides voltage output proportional to force. In addition to the larger contraction signal, the sensor was able to detect the mechanomyogram (MMG), i.e., the little vibrations which occur during muscle contraction. The frequency response of the FSR sensor was found to be large enough to correctly measure the MMG. Simultaneous recordings from flexor carpi ulnaris showed a high correlation (Pearson's r > 0.9) between the FSR output and the EMG linear envelope. Preliminary validation tests on healthy subjects showed the ability of the FSR sensor, used instead of the EMG, to proportionally control a hand prosthesis, achieving comparable performances.
Original languageEnglish
Article number2553
JournalSensors
Volume18
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 7 Aug 2018

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muscular function
Electromyography
Muscle Contraction
Resistors
Muscle
resistors
electromyography
sensors
Sensors
Prostheses and Implants
Muscles
Vibration
muscles
Healthy Volunteers
contraction
Hand
output
flexors
Domes
Skin

Bibliographical note

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Cite this

Esposito, D., Andreozzi, E., Fratini, A., Gargiulo, G. D., Savino, S., Niola, V., & Bifulco, P. (2018). A Piezoresistive Sensor to Measure Muscle Contraction and Mechanomyography. Sensors, 18(8), [2553]. https://doi.org/10.3390/s18082553
Esposito, Daniele ; Andreozzi, Emilio ; Fratini, Antonio ; Gargiulo, Gaetano D. ; Savino, Sergio ; Niola, Vicenzo ; Bifulco, Paolo. / A Piezoresistive Sensor to Measure Muscle Contraction and Mechanomyography. In: Sensors. 2018 ; Vol. 18, No. 8.
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Esposito, D, Andreozzi, E, Fratini, A, Gargiulo, GD, Savino, S, Niola, V & Bifulco, P 2018, 'A Piezoresistive Sensor to Measure Muscle Contraction and Mechanomyography', Sensors, vol. 18, no. 8, 2553. https://doi.org/10.3390/s18082553

A Piezoresistive Sensor to Measure Muscle Contraction and Mechanomyography. / Esposito, Daniele; Andreozzi, Emilio; Fratini, Antonio; Gargiulo, Gaetano D.; Savino, Sergio; Niola, Vicenzo; Bifulco, Paolo.

In: Sensors, Vol. 18, No. 8, 2553, 07.08.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Esposito D, Andreozzi E, Fratini A, Gargiulo GD, Savino S, Niola V et al. A Piezoresistive Sensor to Measure Muscle Contraction and Mechanomyography. Sensors. 2018 Aug 7;18(8). 2553. https://doi.org/10.3390/s18082553