A review on zero energy buildings – Pros and cons

Tabbi Wilberforce*, A. G. Olabi, Enas Taha Sayed, Khaled Elsaid, Hussein M. Maghrabie, Mohammad Ali Abdelkareem

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Enhancing the energy efficiency of structures has been a staple of energy policies. The key goal is to slash electricity usage in order to minimize the footprint of houses. This goal is sought by putting restrictions on the design specifications with respect to the properties of the raw materials and components as well as the exploitation of sustainable sources of energy. These facts for the basis for zero-energy building (ZEB) being established. This novel technology has faced several obstacles impeding its commercialization and future advancement. This investigation therefore holistically explored and evaluated the state of zero energy building and factors impeding their commercialization. The review further proposed some suggestion in terms of technology that can be considered by the sector to augment existing technologies. Similarly, the investigation touched on the effect of occupant's character in zero energy structures. Policies in terms of government subsidies and tax rebates were recommended to encourage more investors into the sector. Finally, the perception of zero energy building being more expensive compared to the traditional structures can equally be curbed via efficient and effective public sensitization.

Original languageEnglish
JournalEnergy and Built Environment
Early online date24 Jul 2021
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 24 Jul 2021

Bibliographical note

© 2021 Southwest Jiatong University. Publishing services by Elsevier B.V. on behalf of KeAi Communication Co. Ltd


  • Construction industry
  • Policies
  • Renewable energy
  • Zero energy buildings


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