Eco-industrial parks (EIPs) combine the concepts and principles of industrial ecology (IE) and industrial symbiosis (IS) to enable environmentally-friendly industrial manufacturing capacity. The current reality is that many EIPs are developed from ageing industrial parks (IPs). However, how such EIP transformation projects are managed by diverse public and private stakeholders is largely unknown. This study summarises the results of a systematic literature review (n = 61) to identify a five-stage process of EIP transformation. Five key stakeholders and influencing factors are identified, and drawing on process theory, a framework is developed that highlights how these stakeholders work together over time. While this study serves as an overview of the body of knowledge on the business and social aspect of EIP transformation, the main contribution of this work is the propositions on the interactions and order of stakeholders embedded in the framework, which can guide future research especially on the early stages of EIP transformation. In practice, EIP project managers can judge the stage of the project based on the project status and work back from actions entities undertake to progress the project systematically.
Bibliographical note© 2022 ERP Environment and John Wiley & Sons Ltd. This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: 'Dai, Y., Day, S., Masi, D., & Gölgeci, I. (2022). A synthesised framework of eco-industrial park transformation and stakeholder interaction. Business Strategy and the Environment,' which has been published in final form at https://doi.org/10.1002/bse.3067. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for self-archiving. This article may not be enhanced, enriched or otherwise transformed into a derivative work, without express permission from Wiley or by statutory rights under applicable legislation. Copyright notices must not be removed, obscured or modified. The article must be linked to Wiley’s version of record on Wiley Online Library and any embedding, framing or otherwise making available the article or pages thereof by third parties from platforms, services and websites other than Wiley Online Library must be prohibited.
- eco-industrial parks
- industrial ecology
- industrial symbiosis
- transformation project