A systematic study of the kinetics of lignin pyrolysis

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Abstract

The pyrolysis kinetics of four types of lignin (Alkali lignin, Hydrolytic lignin, Organosolv lignin, and Klason lignin) were investigated using thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). Kissinger's method was used to derive the kinetic parameters (activation energy, order of reaction and frequency factor). It has been shown that the pyrolysis of all the lignins except Klason lignin was first order with respect to solid decomposition, while for Klason lignin, the reaction had an order of 1.5. The activation energy depends on both separation methods and the plant species from which the lignin was isolated, while the frequency factor did not indicate the dependence of either plant species or separation methods.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)61-66
Number of pages6
JournalThermochimica Acta
Volume498
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Jan 2010

Keywords

  • lignin
  • pyrolysis kinetics
  • thermogravimetric analysis
  • bioenergy
  • chemical engineering

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