Achieving Agility in Evacuation Operations: An Evidence-Based Framework

Oscar Rodríguez-Espíndola, Stella Despoudi, Pavel Albores, Uthayasankar Sivarajah

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


There is an agreement among European countries about the need to achieve efficient, effective and responsive evacuations as part of disaster management. Evacuations face uncertain and dynamic conditions, which often challenge the expectations at the planning stage. This research looks at the adoption of agility in evacuation operations. Managers involved in disaster operations in three countries were interviewed to identify current practices and needs during evacuations. This article looks at the potential of beneficiary engagement, staff and information, cooperation, and fitness for change to incorporate agile practices at each one of the stages of evacuation planning. The purpose is to provide an Agile Evacuation Operations (AEO) evidence-based framework to inform theory and practice. The analysis provided shows that along with current practices it is important to engage the beneficiaries more closely, empower and train the staff to react to unexpected conditions, and take advantage of local knowledge to enhance operations.
Original languageEnglish
JournalProduction Planning and Control
Early online date17 Mar 2021
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 17 Mar 2021

Bibliographical note

This is an Accepted Manuscript version of the following article, accepted for publication in Production Planning & Control. Oscar Rodríguez-Espíndola, Stella Despoudi, Pavel Albores & Uthayasankar Sivarajah (2021) Achieving agility in evacuation operations: an evidence-based framework, Production Planning & Control. It is deposited under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License (, which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


  • Evacuation
  • agility
  • humanitarian operations


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