Additive manufacturing for Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM) hydrogen technologies: merits, challenges, and prospects

Ahmad Baroutaji, Arun Arjunan, John Robinson, Mohammad Ali Abdelkareem, Abdul-Ghani Olabi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


With the growing demand for green technologies, hydrogen energy devices, such as Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM) fuel cells and water electrolysers, have received accelerated developments. However, the materials and manufacturing cost of these technologies are still relatively expensive which impedes their widespread commercialization. Additive Manufacturing (AM), commonly termed 3D Printing (3DP), with its advanced capabilities, could be a potential pathway to solve the fabrication challenges of PEM parts. Herein, in this paper, the research studies on the novel AM fabrication methods of PEM components are thoroughly reviewed and analysed. The key performance properties, such as corrosion and hydrogen embrittlement resistance, of the additively manufactured materials in the PEM working environment are discussed to emphasise their reliability for the PEM systems. Additionally, the major challenges and required future developments of AM technologies to unlock their full potential for PEM fabrication are identified. This paper provides insights from the latest research developments on the significance of advanced manufacturing technologies in developing sustainable energy systems to address the global energy challenges and climate change effects.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)561-584
Number of pages24
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Early online date25 Jul 2023
Publication statusPublished - 2 Jan 2024

Bibliographical note

Copyright © 2023 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Ltd on behalf of Hydrogen Energy Publications LLC. This is an open access article under the CC BY
license (


  • 3D printing
  • Additive manufacturing
  • Electrolyser
  • Fuel cell
  • IJP
  • SLM


Dive into the research topics of 'Additive manufacturing for Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM) hydrogen technologies: merits, challenges, and prospects'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this