Advanced perturbation technique for digital backward propagation in WDM systems

Lian Xiang, Paul Harper, Xiaoping Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


An improved digital backward propagation (DBP) is proposed to compensate inter-nonlinear effects and dispersion jointly in WDM systems based on an advanced perturbation technique (APT). A non-iterative weighted concept is presented to replace the iterative in analytical recursion expression, which can dramatically simplify the complexity and improve accuracy compared to the traditional perturbation technique (TPT). Furthermore, an analytical recursion expression of the output after backward propagation is obtained initially. Numerical simulations are executed for various parameters of the transmission system. The results indicate that the advanced perturbation technique will relax the step size requirements and reduce the oversampling factor when launch power is higher than -2 dBm. We estimate this technique will reduce computational complexity by a factor of around seven with respect to the conventional DBP.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13607-13616
Number of pages10
JournalOptics Express
Issue number11
Early online date30 May 2013
Publication statusPublished - 3 Jun 2013

Bibliographical note

© 2013 OSA.
This paper was published in Optics Express and is made available as an electronic reprint with the permission of OSA. The paper can be found at the following URL on the OSA website: Systematic or multiple reproduction or distribution to multiple locations via electronic or other means is prohibited and is subject to penalties under law.

The authors acknowledge support from the UK EPSRC Programme Grant UNLOC (Unlocking the capacity of optical communications) EP/J017582/1, the European Research Council, and the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation and “Chun Hui” plan of Ministry of Education of China (2012).


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