Cataract surgery is a technique described since recorded history, yet it has greatly evolved only in the latter half of the past century. The development of the intraocular lens and phacoemulsification as a technique for cataract removal could be considered as the two most significant strides that have been made in this surgical field. This review takes a comprehensive look at all aspects of cataract surgery, starting from patient selection through the process of consent, anaesthesia, biometry, lens power calculation, refractive targeting, phacoemulsification, choice of intraocular lens and management of complications, such as posterior capsular opacification, as well as future developments. As the most common ophthalmic surgery and with the expanding range of intraocular lens options, optometrists have an important and growing role in managing patients with cataract.
Bibliographical noteAcknowledgements to the Journal, Optometrists Association Australia and Blackwell Publishing.
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- cataract surgery
- intraocular lens