Age of acquisition effects in picture naming: Evidence for a lexical-semantic competition hypothesis

Eva Belke*, Marc Brysbaert, Antje S. Meyer, Mandy Ghyselinck

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

In many tasks the effects of frequency and age of acquisition (AoA) on reaction latencies are similar in size. However, in picture naming the AoA-effect is often significantly larger than expected on the basis of the frequency-effect. Previous explanations of this frequency-independent AoA-effect have attributed it to the organisation of the semantic system or to the way phonological word forms are stored in the mental lexicon. Using a semantic blocking paradigm, we show that semantic context effects on naming latencies are more pronounced for late-acquired than for early-acquired words. This interaction between AoA and naming context is likely to arise during lexical-semantic encoding, which we put forward as the locus for the frequency-independent AoA-effect.

Original languageEnglish
JournalCognition
Volume96
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2005

Fingerprint

Semantics
semantics
evidence
Picture Naming
Lexical Semantics
Age of Acquisition
paradigm
interaction

Keywords

  • Age-of-acquisition
  • Lexical retrieval
  • Picture naming
  • Semantic context

Cite this

Belke, Eva ; Brysbaert, Marc ; Meyer, Antje S. ; Ghyselinck, Mandy. / Age of acquisition effects in picture naming : Evidence for a lexical-semantic competition hypothesis. In: Cognition. 2005 ; Vol. 96, No. 2.
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Age of acquisition effects in picture naming : Evidence for a lexical-semantic competition hypothesis. / Belke, Eva; Brysbaert, Marc; Meyer, Antje S.; Ghyselinck, Mandy.

In: Cognition, Vol. 96, No. 2, 01.06.2005.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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