Ageing memory: use versus impairment

Carol Holland, Patrick Rabbitt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

An uncued recall technique was used to compare recall of autobiographical events by two groups of elderly volunteers of equivalent general intelligence (assessed by unadjusted scores on the AH4 intelligence test). One group lived in residential care, and the other led independent lives. Residential care subjects recalled and spontaneously rehearsed more memories from their early than their recent lives, whereas the reverse was true for the independent elderly. The effects of senile confusional states were also investigated by testing a subgroup of cognitively impaired subjects, also in residential care. Although unimpaired elderly in care produced more early than recent memories, they were still able to produce substantial numbers of recent memories. Impaired subjects produced very few memories, those they did produce were mainly early ones. Frequency of rehearsal (or reminiscence) seemed to affect the probability of elicitation of a memory. People in institutions more often rehearse memories of early events. Frequency of rehearsal is thus a function of the use which people in different situations make of their memories. Cognitive impairment due to organic neurological changes in the elderly had a characteristic effect on the abundance of recall from recent life.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)29-38
Number of pages10
JournalBritish Journal of Psychology
Volume82
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 28 Feb 1991

Fingerprint

Confusion
Intelligence Tests
Impairment
Intelligence
Volunteers
Residential Care
Rehearsal
Cognitive Dysfunction
Cognitive Impairment
Reminiscence
Testing

Cite this

Holland, Carol ; Rabbitt, Patrick. / Ageing memory : use versus impairment. In: British Journal of Psychology. 1991 ; Vol. 82, No. 1. pp. 29-38.
@article{f5b8f8b6f7824f9d8c3208260a1630d2,
title = "Ageing memory: use versus impairment",
abstract = "An uncued recall technique was used to compare recall of autobiographical events by two groups of elderly volunteers of equivalent general intelligence (assessed by unadjusted scores on the AH4 intelligence test). One group lived in residential care, and the other led independent lives. Residential care subjects recalled and spontaneously rehearsed more memories from their early than their recent lives, whereas the reverse was true for the independent elderly. The effects of senile confusional states were also investigated by testing a subgroup of cognitively impaired subjects, also in residential care. Although unimpaired elderly in care produced more early than recent memories, they were still able to produce substantial numbers of recent memories. Impaired subjects produced very few memories, those they did produce were mainly early ones. Frequency of rehearsal (or reminiscence) seemed to affect the probability of elicitation of a memory. People in institutions more often rehearse memories of early events. Frequency of rehearsal is thus a function of the use which people in different situations make of their memories. Cognitive impairment due to organic neurological changes in the elderly had a characteristic effect on the abundance of recall from recent life.",
author = "Carol Holland and Patrick Rabbitt",
year = "1991",
month = "2",
day = "28",
doi = "10.1111/j.2044-8295.1991.tb02380.x",
language = "English",
volume = "82",
pages = "29--38",
journal = "British Journal of Psychology",
issn = "0007-1269",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "1",

}

Ageing memory : use versus impairment. / Holland, Carol; Rabbitt, Patrick.

In: British Journal of Psychology, Vol. 82, No. 1, 28.02.1991, p. 29-38.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Ageing memory

T2 - use versus impairment

AU - Holland, Carol

AU - Rabbitt, Patrick

PY - 1991/2/28

Y1 - 1991/2/28

N2 - An uncued recall technique was used to compare recall of autobiographical events by two groups of elderly volunteers of equivalent general intelligence (assessed by unadjusted scores on the AH4 intelligence test). One group lived in residential care, and the other led independent lives. Residential care subjects recalled and spontaneously rehearsed more memories from their early than their recent lives, whereas the reverse was true for the independent elderly. The effects of senile confusional states were also investigated by testing a subgroup of cognitively impaired subjects, also in residential care. Although unimpaired elderly in care produced more early than recent memories, they were still able to produce substantial numbers of recent memories. Impaired subjects produced very few memories, those they did produce were mainly early ones. Frequency of rehearsal (or reminiscence) seemed to affect the probability of elicitation of a memory. People in institutions more often rehearse memories of early events. Frequency of rehearsal is thus a function of the use which people in different situations make of their memories. Cognitive impairment due to organic neurological changes in the elderly had a characteristic effect on the abundance of recall from recent life.

AB - An uncued recall technique was used to compare recall of autobiographical events by two groups of elderly volunteers of equivalent general intelligence (assessed by unadjusted scores on the AH4 intelligence test). One group lived in residential care, and the other led independent lives. Residential care subjects recalled and spontaneously rehearsed more memories from their early than their recent lives, whereas the reverse was true for the independent elderly. The effects of senile confusional states were also investigated by testing a subgroup of cognitively impaired subjects, also in residential care. Although unimpaired elderly in care produced more early than recent memories, they were still able to produce substantial numbers of recent memories. Impaired subjects produced very few memories, those they did produce were mainly early ones. Frequency of rehearsal (or reminiscence) seemed to affect the probability of elicitation of a memory. People in institutions more often rehearse memories of early events. Frequency of rehearsal is thus a function of the use which people in different situations make of their memories. Cognitive impairment due to organic neurological changes in the elderly had a characteristic effect on the abundance of recall from recent life.

UR - http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.2044-8295.1991.tb02380.x/abstract

U2 - 10.1111/j.2044-8295.1991.tb02380.x

DO - 10.1111/j.2044-8295.1991.tb02380.x

M3 - Article

VL - 82

SP - 29

EP - 38

JO - British Journal of Psychology

JF - British Journal of Psychology

SN - 0007-1269

IS - 1

ER -