Agreement and Repeatability of Corneal Thickness and Radius among Three Different Corneal Measurement Devices

Sayantan Biswas, Partha Biswas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


SIGNIFICANCE: Corneal refractive surgery screening, orthokeratology, and contact lens fitting require accurate estimation of the corneal thickness and curvature. We found that any of the imaging devices used in this study can be used to image a healthy myopic cornea, which is essential to screen for corneal ectasia. PURPOSE: This study aimed to compare agreement and repeatability of corneal thickness and radius measurements obtained using Scheimpflug imaging (Pentacam HR), swept-source optical coherence tomography (Casia SS-1000), and Placido-Scheimpflug tomography (Topographic Modeling System, version 5 [TMS-5]). METHODS: Sixty eyes of 60 subjects with myopia were measured with Casia, TMS-5, and Pentacam for their central corneal thickness (CCT), thinnest corneal thickness, central corneal radius of the steep meridian (Ks), central corneal radius of the flat meridian (Kf), mean central corneal radius (Km), and anterior and posterior best-fit spheres. Two readings were obtained from each instrument. Central corneal thickness was also measured with ultrasound pachymetry. Intraclass correlation coefficient, repeatability coefficient, and coefficient of variation were calculated. RESULTS: Repeatability coefficient, coefficient of variation, and intraclass correlation coefficient of CCT among the instruments ranged between 2.48 and 12.79, 0.17 and 0.86, and 0.98 and 1.00, respectively. Mean CCT measurements were similar between Casia, TMS-5, Pentacam, and ultrasound pachymetry (P = .13). Intraclass range of correlation for agreement was 0.95 to 0.99 for CCT among instruments. The range of 95% limits of agreement (LoAs) for ultrasound CCT was narrowest with Casia (31.94 μm). Casia-TMS-5 displayed a narrow range of 95% LoA for CCT (12.14 to -12.44), thinnest corneal thickness (12.31 to -11.31), and Ks (0.56 to -0.53), whereas Casia-Pentacam showed a narrow range of 95% LoA for Kf (0.56 to -0.42), Km (0.41 to -0.27), and anterior best-fit sphere (0.03 to -0.07). A significant difference in posterior best-fit sphere measurements was noted among all instruments (P = .01). CONCLUSIONS: Casia, TMS-5, and Pentacam can be used interchangeably to measure corneal thickness and radius measurement in healthy eyes. Casia had the best agreement with ultrasound pachymeter CCT and exhibited the highest repeatability.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1196-1202
Number of pages7
JournalOptometry and vision science : official publication of the American Academy of Optometry
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2021


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