Analysis of the production efficiency of industrialized countries, questioning whether certain countries perform better than others in producing more output with the same or less inputs, is an example of the importance of estimating production relationships. In order to estimate efficiency one needs an appropriate model for the two major inputs into production activity, namely labour and capital. A physical asset once installed is capable of contributing several years of output. This implies that investments made in previous years must be taken into account in order to produce a measure of the efficiency and productivity for any given year. The purpose of this article is to introduce a dynamic efficiency model and compare the results with previous work on the analysis of efficiency and productivity of OECD countries. The article proposes that dynamic models capture efficiency better than static models.
- production efficiency
- industrialized countries
- estimating production relationships