An analysis of the impact of visual impairment on activities of daily living and vision-related quality of life in a visually impaired adult population

Nabila Jones, Hannah Elizabeth Bartlett, Richard Cooke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Previous research has shown that people with visual impairment are more likely to be malnourished and have reported to have difficulty shopping for, preparing, and eating food. They are also reported to have a poor quality of life. The present study aims to investigate the impact of visual impairment on activities of daily living and Vision-Related Quality of Life (VR-QoL) in a sample of adults with visual impairment who are living in the United Kingdom.

A 37-question survey evaluating the nutritional status and the activities of daily living, cooking and shopping, was disseminated to adults with visual impairment who were 18 years and older. VR-QoL was also assessed using the validated, Questionnaire of Vision-Related Quality of Life Measure (VCM1).

Participants reported that being visually impaired made it difficult to shop for, prepare, and cook meals, and this correlated significantly with level of visual impairment. The VCM1 score of ⩾2.1 was reported by 74% of people with visual impairment revealing VR-QoL is more than a little of a concern for most of the participants. The mean VCM1 score for females was 2.9 ± 0.98 and 2.5 ± 1.1 for males. Level of visual impairment was not found to influence the VCM1 scores. This indicates even those with visual impairment below the level required for sight impairment registration report a reduced VR-QoL.

It is the responsibility and duty of society to support people with visual impairment or other disabilities rather than blaming them for not ‘integrating’. Among other things, this can be done by incorporating norms into the marketing. These norms might help to raise and increase the awareness of suppliers to the needs of consumers with visual impairment. Furthermore, such norms may contribute to our ongoing efforts for a more inclusive and accessible environment.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)50-63
Number of pages14
JournalBritish Journal of Visual Impairment
Volume37
Issue number1
Early online date26 Nov 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019

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Bibliographical note

© Sage 2018. The final publication is available via Sage at http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0264619618814071

Keywords

  • Activities of daily living
  • cooking
  • nutritional status
  • shopping
  • vision-related quality of life
  • visual impairment

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