An analytical and numerical study of magnetic spring suspension and energy recovery mechanism

Yu Jia, Shasha Li, Yu Shi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

As the automotive paradigm shifts towards electric, limited range remains a key challenge. Increasing the battery size adds weight, which yields diminishing returns in range per kilowatt-hour. Therefore, energy recovery systems, such as regenerative braking and photovoltaic cells, are desirable to recharge the onboard batteries in between hub charge cycles. While some reports of regenerative suspension do exist, they all harvest energy in a parasitic manner, and the predicted power output is extremely low, since the majority of the energy is still dissipated to the environment by the suspension. This paper proposes a fundamental suspension redesign using a magnetically-levitated spring mechanism and aims to increase the recoverable energy significantly by directly coupling an electromagnetic transducer as the main damper. Furthermore, the highly nonlinear magnetic restoring force can also potentially enhance rider comfort. Analytical and numerical models have been constructed. Road roughness data from an Australian road were used to numerically simulate a representative environment response. Simulation suggests that 10’s of kW to >100 kW can theoretically be generated by a medium-sized car travelling on a typical paved road (about 2–3 orders of magnitude higher than literature reports on parasitic regenerative suspension schemes), while still maintaining well below the discomfort threshold for passengers (<0.315 m/s 2 on average).
Original languageEnglish
Article number3126
JournalEnergies
Volume11
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 12 Nov 2018

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Regenerative braking
Electromagnetic coupling
Photovoltaic cells
Numerical models
Numerical Study
Analytical models
Transducers
Railroad cars
Recovery
Surface roughness
Energy
Battery
Magnetic Force
Diminishing
Damper
Transducer
Roughness
Range of data
Analytical Model
Paradigm

Bibliographical note

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Cite this

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An analytical and numerical study of magnetic spring suspension and energy recovery mechanism. / Jia, Yu; Li, Shasha; Shi, Yu.

In: Energies, Vol. 11, No. 11, 3126, 12.11.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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