An auto-parametrically excited vibration energy harvester

Yu Jia, Ashwin A Seshia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Parametric resonance, as a resonant amplification phenomenon, is a superior mechanical amplifier than direct resonance and has already been demonstrated to possess the potential to offer over an order of magnitude higher power output for vibration energy harvesting than the conventional direct excitation. However, unlike directly excited systems, parametric resonance has a minimum threshold amplitude that must be attained prior to its activation. The authors have previously presented the addition of initial spring designs to minimise this threshold, through non-resonant direct amplification of the base excitation that is subsequently fed into the parametric resonator. This paper explores the integration of auto-parametric resonance, as a form of resonant amplification of the base excitation, to further minimise this activation criterion and realise the profitable regions of parametric resonance at even lower input acceleration levels. Numerical and experimental results have demonstrated in excess of an order of magnitude reduction in the initiation threshold amplitude for an auto-parametric resonator (∼0.6 ms−2) as well as several folds lower for a parametric resonator with a non-resonant base amplifier (∼4.0 ms−2), as oppose to a sole parametric resonator without any threshold reduction mechanisms (10's ms−2). Therefore, the superior power performance of parametric resonance over direct resonance has been activated and demonstrated at much lower input levels.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)69-75
JournalSensors and Actuators A : physical
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2014

Bibliographical note

©2014 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V.Thisisanopenaccessarticleunderthe CC BY license (


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