An examination of the antecedents of subjective career success amongst managerial sample in Singapore

Samuel Aryee, Yue Wah Chay, Hwee Hoon Tan

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Data obtained with a questionnaire instrument from managerial employees (N = 200) in Singapore were used to examine some antecedents of subjective career success. The choice of antecedents was informed by recent calls to place research on career issues in the context of an individual's life roles. Confirmatory factor analysis (LISREL VII) was used to examine the one-factor and three-factor models hypothesized to underlie the subjective career success data. The results revealed a three-factor model to have adequate fit statistics - financial and hierarchical success, and career satisfaction. The antecedent sets of human capital, work values, family and structural or work variables accounted for over 40% of the explained variance in each career success dimension. While the career success dimensions were influenced by different variables, individual-organizational value congruity, quality of parental role and internal labor market emerged as consistent antecedents of the career success dimensions. The pattern of significant antecedents of the career success dimensions was interpreted as providing support for the approach that underpinned the study. The limitations of the study, and practical and theoretical implications of the findings are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)487-509
Number of pages23
JournalHuman Relations
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1994


  • subjective career success
  • financial success
  • hierarchical success
  • career satisfaction
  • antecedents
  • managerial employees


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