Analysing the critical effect of business logistics performance on food security and agriculture

Eliseo Vilalta Perdomo, Rosario Michel-Villarreal

Research output: Unpublished contribution to conferenceAbstractpeer-review


We provide an analysis of the importance of increasing countries’ logistics performance to achieve levels of zero hunger. Regional and global analyses are done to identify possible impact of nations’ logistics performance in achieving the sustainable development goal 2.
Data from the Logistics Performance Index is provided by the World Bank and consists of six core components: a) the efficiency of customs and border clearance; b) the quality of trade and transport infrastructure; c) the ease of arranging competitively priced shipments; d) the competence and quality of logistics services; e) the ability to track and trace consignments, and f) the frequency with which shipments reach consignees within scheduled or expected delivery times). Data concerning the SDG 2 is collected by the United Nations and it considers the following indicators: a) prevalence of undernourishment; b) prevalence of stunting (low height-for-age) in children under 5 years of age; c) prevalence of wasting in children under 5 years of age; d) prevalence of obesity, BMI ≥ 30; e) cereal yield (t/ha), and f) sustainable nitrogen management index.
The regression model developed in this study suggests a high degree of correlation between LPI and SDG 2. Overall, the regression model suggests that the LPI components predict the SDG 2 indicator significantly well.
The relevance of this study lies in the fact that no country is in track to achieve all the SDGs. To achieve all the SDGs requires deep transformations of education systems, healthcare, energy use, land use, urban planning, and deployment of
information technologies. In the case of SDG 2 (Zero Hunger), as logistics is embedded within many of our systems, changes in logistics performance seem pertinent to achieve the SDG 2 globally.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 15 Sept 2020


  • Logistics performance index
  • Multi-level linear regression
  • SDG2


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