Improvements in imaging chips and computer processing power have brought major advances in imaging of the anterior eye. Digitally captured images can be visualised immediately and can be stored and retrieved easily. Anterior ocular imaging techniques using slitlamp biomicroscopy, corneal topography, confocal microscopy, optical coherence tomography (OCT), ultrasonic biomicroscopy, computerised tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are reviewed. Conventional photographic imaging can be used to quantify corneal topography, corneal thickness and transparency, anterior chamber depth and lateral angle and crystalline lens position, curvature, thickness and transparency. Additionally, the effects of tumours, foreign bodies and trauma can be localised, the corneal layers can be examined and the tear film thickness assessed. © 2006 The Authors.
- anterior eye
- slitlamp biomicroscopy