The astrogliotic responses of the CCF-STTG1, U251-MG, and U373-MG human astrocytoma lines were determined after exposure to ethanol, trimethyltin chloride (TMTC), and acrylamide over 4, 16, and 24 h. Basal glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) expression in the U-251MG and U373-MG cells was 10-fold greater than the CCF-STGG1 line. Ethanol treatment over 24 h, but not at 4 and 16 h, resulted in significant increases in GFAP in all three glioma lines at sub-cytotoxic levels; the GFAP responses in the CCF-STTG1 line were the most sensitive, as concentrations of 0.1 and 1 mM led to increases in GFAP expression compared with control of 56.8 ± 15.7 and 58.9 ± 11.5%, respectively (P < 0.05). Treatment with TMTC (1 μM) over 4 h showed elevated GFAP expression in the U251-MG cell line to 28.0 ± 15.7% above control levels (P < 0.01), but not in the other U373-MG or CCF-STTG1 cells. At 4 h, MTT turnover was markedly increased compared with control, particularly in the U373-MG line at concentrations as low as 1 μM (17.1 ± 2.3%; P < 0.01). TMTC exposure over 16 and 24 h resulted in reduction in GFAP expression in all three lines at concentrations; at 24 h incubation, the reduction was >50% (P < 0.01). There were no changes in GFAP expression or MTT turnover in response to acrylamide except at the highest concentration ranges of 10-100 mM. This study underlines the significance of period of exposure, as well as toxin concentration in astrocytoma cellular response to toxic pressure. © 2007 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
- trimethyltin chloride