This book of abstracts contains the abstracts presented in the SAN2016 conference. SAN was established in Europe as an international society to investigate the potential applications of neuroscience, to promote research on validation and to encourage the multidisciplinary approaches in applied neuroscience. The foundational interest of SAN is brain electrophysiology, seen in the broader view of neuroscientific models of how the brain works neurophysiologically. In particular SAN promotes the translation of these electrophysiology-based models to the clinical practice via feedback techniques, via the application of external electrical or magnetic stimuli, and lately via the application of non-pharmaceutical interventions. The main issues discussed during SAN2016 and they are presented in this book include methodology, modeling, theory, applications, as well as reviews related to: EEG/MEG/fMRI/fNIRS, QEEG, biofeedback, neurofeedback, TMS, DCS, neuronal reorganization, rehabilitation, brain computer interfaces, brain connectivity, event-related potentials, inverse solution, cognition, emotion and aging.