The effect of sodium cholate (NaC; concentration 1-16 mM), a biological surfactant, on the aggregation behavior of 1% (w/v, 2.2 × 10(-3) M) poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPAM) aqueous solutions was studied as a function of temperature. From turbidity, dynamic light scattering, viscosity, and fluorescence measurements, it was observed that (i) there is NaC-induced nanoscale aggregation of PNIPAM in its sol state and (ii) the lower critical solution temperature corresponding to sol-gel transition shifts to a lower temperature by about 2 °C.
- sodium cholate
- aggregation behavior
Kumar, A. C., Erothu, H., Bohidar, H. B., & Mishra, A. K. (2011). Bile-salt-induced aggregation of poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) and lowering of the lower critical solution temperature in aqueous solutions. Journal of Physical Chemistry: Part B, 115(3), 433-439. https://doi.org/10.1021/jp109056u