Biomass-based carbon materials for CO2 capture: A review

Cui Quan, Yingying Zhou, Jiawei Wang, Chunfei Wu, Ningbo Gao*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Carbon capture and sequestration technologies are essential to reduce CO2 emissions which are responsible for global warming. Carbon-based materials can play an important role in the reduction of CO2 emissions. These materials are normally produced from biomass through technologies such as pyrolysis and hydrothermal carbonization. The type of biomass feedstock and biomass conversion conditions can significantly affect the textual properties and surface chemistry of the carbon materials. Various modification methods such as material activation or N-doping can improve the properties of carbon materials to obtain better CO2 capture effects. This review summarizes recently reported research in the areas of using biomass-based materials for CO2 capture. The technologies of biomass conversion to carbon materials and modification of the carbon materials are critically analyzed. Meanwhile, the mechanisms of the CO2 capture process and research of different modification carbon materials for CO2 capture are also discussed. Finally, potential future research directions are suggested to promote carbon capture using biomass-based materials.

Original languageEnglish
Article number102373
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of CO2 Utilization
Early online date19 Dec 2022
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2023

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This project has received funding from National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 52276211 ), Key R&D plan of Shaanxi Province (No. 2021GY-114 ), the Science and Technology Exchange Project of China Ministry of Science and Technology (No. 2021–12-2 ), Education Cooperation Project between China and Central Eastern European Countries (No. 2021086 ), Shaanxi Provincial Natural Science Foundation Research Program Shaanxi Coal Joint Funding ( 2019JLZ-12 ) and Royal Society K. C. Wong International Fellowship (No. NIF\R1\191817 ).

Publisher Copyright:
Copyright © 2022 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (


  • Biomass
  • Carbon materials
  • COcapture
  • Mechanisms
  • Modification


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