During the last two decades, revealing mechanisms of origin waves with anomalous amplitude (rogue waves) have been in the focus of researchers from diﬀerent ﬁelds ranging from oceanography to laser physics. Mode-locked lasers, as a test bed system, provide a unique opportunity to collect more dataon rogue waves in the form of random pulses (soliton rain) and to clarify the mechanisms of rogue-wave emergence caused by soliton–soliton and soliton–dispersive wave interactions. Here, for the ﬁrst time, for an Er-doped mode-locked laser, a new type of vector rogue waves is demonstrated experimentally and theoretically, which is driven by desynchronization of the orthogonal linear states of polarization, so leading to output power oscillations in the form of anomalous spikes-dips (bright-dark rogue waves).The results can pave the way to unlocking the universal nature of the origin of rogue waves and thus can be of interest to the broad scientiﬁc community.
Bibliographical noteCopyright © 2018 by John Wiley & Sons. This is the peer reviewed version of the following article:Bright-Dark Rogue Waves
Kbashi, H., Sergeyev, S., Mou, C., Martínez, A., Al Araimi, M., Rozhin, O., Kolpakov, S. & Kalashnikov, V. 30 Mar 2018 In : Annalen der Physik. p. 1700362, which has been published in final form at https://doi.org/10.1002/andp.201700362. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.
Funding: Leverhulme Trust (Grant ref: RPG-2014-304); National Science Foundation of China 61605107, the YoungEastern Scholar program (QD2015027) at Shanghai Institutions of HigherLearning and the “Young 1000 Talent Plan” program of China; H2020Marie-Sklodowska-Curie IF scheme; Austrian Science Fund (FWF projectP24916-N27); support from the Ministry of Higher Education, Sultanate ofOman.
- coupled oscillators
- mode-locked lasers
- rogue waves