Broadly tunable high-power random fibre laser

Sergey A. Babin*, Atalla E. El-Taher, Paul Harper, Evgenii V. Podivilov, Sergei K. Turitsyn

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

As shown recently, a long telecommunication fibre may be treated as a natural one-dimensional random system, where lasing is possible due to a combination of random distributed feedback via Rayleigh scattering by natural refractive index inhomogeneities and distributed amplification through the Raman effect. Here we present a new type of a random fibre laser with a narrow (∼1 nm) spectrum tunable over a broad wavelength range (1535-1570 nm) with a uniquely flat (∼0.1 dB) and high (>2 W) output power and prominent (>40 %) differential efficiency, which outperforms traditional fibre lasers of the same category, e.g. a conventional Raman laser with a linear cavity formed in the same fibre by adding point reflectors. Analytical model is proposed that explains quantitatively the higher efficiency and the flatter tuning curve of the random fiber laser compared to conventional one. The other important features of the random fibre laser like "modeless" spectrum of specific shape and corresponding intensity fluctuations as well as the techniques of controlling its output characteristics are discussed. Outstanding characteristics defined by new underlying physics and the simplicity of the scheme implemented in standard telecom fibre make the demonstrated tunable random fibre laser a very attractive light source both for fundamental science and practical applications such as optical communication, sensing and secure transmission.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationFiber lasers IX
Subtitle of host publicationtechnology, systems, and applications
EditorsEric C. Honea, Sami T. Hendow
Place of PublicationBellingham, WA (US)
PublisherSPIE
Number of pages9
ISBN (Print)978-0-8194-8880-0
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 9 Feb 2012
EventFiber lasers IX - San Francisco, CA, United States
Duration: 23 Jan 201226 Jan 2012

Publication series

NameSPIE proceedings
PublisherSPIE
Volume8237
ISSN (Print)0277-786X

Conference

ConferenceFiber lasers IX
CountryUnited States
CitySan Francisco, CA
Period23/01/1226/01/12
OtherTechnology, systems, and applications

Fingerprint

Fiber lasers
fiber lasers
Lasers
fibers
Fibers
Rayleigh scattering
Raman lasers
output
Telecommunications
Optical communication
Refractometry
Physics
reflectors
Telecommunication
Amplification
Light sources
optical communication
lasing
Raman scattering
telecommunication

Bibliographical note

Sergey A. Babin; Atalla E. El-Taher; Paul Harper; Evgenii V. Podivilov and Sergei K. Turitsyn. "Broadly tunable high-power random fibre laser", Proc. SPIE 8237, Fiber Lasers IX: Technology, Systems, and Applications, 82373E (February 9, 2012).

Copyright 2012 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers. One print or electronic copy may be made for personal use only. Systematic electronic or print reproduction and distribution, duplication of any material in this paper for a fee or for commercial purposes, or modification of the content of the paper are prohibited.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/12.907965

Keywords

  • distributed feedback
  • Fiber laser
  • narrow-line
  • Raman gain
  • random
  • Rayleigh scattering
  • tunable

Cite this

Babin, S. A., El-Taher, A. E., Harper, P., Podivilov, E. V., & Turitsyn, S. K. (2012). Broadly tunable high-power random fibre laser. In E. C. Honea, & S. T. Hendow (Eds.), Fiber lasers IX: technology, systems, and applications [82373E] (SPIE proceedings; Vol. 8237). Bellingham, WA (US): SPIE. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.907965
Babin, Sergey A. ; El-Taher, Atalla E. ; Harper, Paul ; Podivilov, Evgenii V. ; Turitsyn, Sergei K. / Broadly tunable high-power random fibre laser. Fiber lasers IX: technology, systems, and applications. editor / Eric C. Honea ; Sami T. Hendow. Bellingham, WA (US) : SPIE, 2012. (SPIE proceedings).
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Babin, SA, El-Taher, AE, Harper, P, Podivilov, EV & Turitsyn, SK 2012, Broadly tunable high-power random fibre laser. in EC Honea & ST Hendow (eds), Fiber lasers IX: technology, systems, and applications., 82373E, SPIE proceedings, vol. 8237, SPIE, Bellingham, WA (US), Fiber lasers IX, San Francisco, CA, United States, 23/01/12. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.907965

Broadly tunable high-power random fibre laser. / Babin, Sergey A.; El-Taher, Atalla E.; Harper, Paul; Podivilov, Evgenii V.; Turitsyn, Sergei K.

Fiber lasers IX: technology, systems, and applications. ed. / Eric C. Honea; Sami T. Hendow. Bellingham, WA (US) : SPIE, 2012. 82373E (SPIE proceedings; Vol. 8237).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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N1 - Sergey A. Babin; Atalla E. El-Taher; Paul Harper; Evgenii V. Podivilov and Sergei K. Turitsyn. "Broadly tunable high-power random fibre laser", Proc. SPIE 8237, Fiber Lasers IX: Technology, Systems, and Applications, 82373E (February 9, 2012). Copyright 2012 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers. One print or electronic copy may be made for personal use only. Systematic electronic or print reproduction and distribution, duplication of any material in this paper for a fee or for commercial purposes, or modification of the content of the paper are prohibited. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/12.907965

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N2 - As shown recently, a long telecommunication fibre may be treated as a natural one-dimensional random system, where lasing is possible due to a combination of random distributed feedback via Rayleigh scattering by natural refractive index inhomogeneities and distributed amplification through the Raman effect. Here we present a new type of a random fibre laser with a narrow (∼1 nm) spectrum tunable over a broad wavelength range (1535-1570 nm) with a uniquely flat (∼0.1 dB) and high (>2 W) output power and prominent (>40 %) differential efficiency, which outperforms traditional fibre lasers of the same category, e.g. a conventional Raman laser with a linear cavity formed in the same fibre by adding point reflectors. Analytical model is proposed that explains quantitatively the higher efficiency and the flatter tuning curve of the random fiber laser compared to conventional one. The other important features of the random fibre laser like "modeless" spectrum of specific shape and corresponding intensity fluctuations as well as the techniques of controlling its output characteristics are discussed. Outstanding characteristics defined by new underlying physics and the simplicity of the scheme implemented in standard telecom fibre make the demonstrated tunable random fibre laser a very attractive light source both for fundamental science and practical applications such as optical communication, sensing and secure transmission.

AB - As shown recently, a long telecommunication fibre may be treated as a natural one-dimensional random system, where lasing is possible due to a combination of random distributed feedback via Rayleigh scattering by natural refractive index inhomogeneities and distributed amplification through the Raman effect. Here we present a new type of a random fibre laser with a narrow (∼1 nm) spectrum tunable over a broad wavelength range (1535-1570 nm) with a uniquely flat (∼0.1 dB) and high (>2 W) output power and prominent (>40 %) differential efficiency, which outperforms traditional fibre lasers of the same category, e.g. a conventional Raman laser with a linear cavity formed in the same fibre by adding point reflectors. Analytical model is proposed that explains quantitatively the higher efficiency and the flatter tuning curve of the random fiber laser compared to conventional one. The other important features of the random fibre laser like "modeless" spectrum of specific shape and corresponding intensity fluctuations as well as the techniques of controlling its output characteristics are discussed. Outstanding characteristics defined by new underlying physics and the simplicity of the scheme implemented in standard telecom fibre make the demonstrated tunable random fibre laser a very attractive light source both for fundamental science and practical applications such as optical communication, sensing and secure transmission.

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Babin SA, El-Taher AE, Harper P, Podivilov EV, Turitsyn SK. Broadly tunable high-power random fibre laser. In Honea EC, Hendow ST, editors, Fiber lasers IX: technology, systems, and applications. Bellingham, WA (US): SPIE. 2012. 82373E. (SPIE proceedings). https://doi.org/10.1117/12.907965