The channel law for amplitude-modulated solitons transmitted through a nonlinear optical fibre with ideal distributed amplification and a receiver based on the nonlinear Fourier transform is a noncentral chi-distribution with 2n degrees of freedom, where n = 2 and n = 3 correspond to the single- and dual-polarisation cases, respectively. In this paper, we study capacity lower bounds of this channel under an average power constraint in bits per channel use. We develop an asymptotic semi-analytic approximation for a capacity lower bound for arbitrary n and a Rayleigh input distribution. It is shown that this lower bound grows logarithmically with signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), independently of the value of n. Numerical results for other continuous input distributions are also provided. A half-Gaussian input distribution is shown to give larger rates than a Rayleigh input distribution for n = 1; 2; 3. At an SNR of 25 dB, the best lower bounds we developed are approximately 3:68 bit per channel use. The practically relevant case of amplitude shift-keying (ASK) constellations is also numerically analysed. For the same SNR of 25 dB, a 16- ASK constellation yields a rate of approximately 3:45 bit per channel use.
Bibliographical noteThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License. For more information, see http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
Funding: Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) project UNLOC (EP/J017582/1), by the Netherlands Organisation
for Scientific Research (NWO) via the VIDI Grant ICONIC (project
number 15685), and a UCL Graduate Research Scholarship (GRS).
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A Lower Bound on the Capacity of the Noncentral Chi Channel with Applications to Soliton Amplitude Modulation