Cardiac resynchronization therapy using endocardial versus trans-coronary sinus, epicardial left ventricular pacing: the Epi-Endo study

O Okafor, A Zegard, B Stegemann, M Kalla, M Lencioni, J De Bono, H Marshall, F Leyva

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Aims: Some studies have suggested that cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) using endocardial left ventricular (LV) pacing (Endo-CRT) is superior to a conventional transvenous, epicardial CRT (Epi-CRT). To determine whether, in CRT recipients, endocardial LV pacing is haemodynamically superior to trans-coronary vein (trans-CV) LV epicardial pacing. Methods and results: At implantation patients (n=16; aged 68.9±8.32 years; 13 male) underwent Epi-CRT and Endo-CRT in basal, mid and apical myocardial segments, delivered using the trans-CS lead and an intra-cavitary, roving EP catheter to achieve juxtapositions of the epicardial and endocardial side of the LV free wall respectively. Myocardial scar was quantified using cardiovascular magnetic resonance. An acute haemodynamic response (AHR) was defined as a ≥10% increase in the maximal rate of rise of LV pressure (%LV dP/dtmax) in relation to RV pacing (DOO). When the 84 paired segments were taken together, the %ΔLV dP/dtmax was higher with Endo-CRT than with Epi-CRT (9.9±8,6% vs 7.9±8.3% respectively, p
Original languageEnglish
Article numberi897
Number of pages2
Issue numberSupplement_1
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 24 May 2024

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© The Author(s) 2024. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Society of Cardiology.
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