Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy Using Quadripolar Versus Non‐Quadripolar Left Ventricular Leads Programmed to Biventricular Pacing With Single‐Site Left Ventricular Pacing: Impact on Survival and Heart Failure Hospitalization

Francisco Leyva, Abbasin Zegard, Tian Qiu, Edmund Acquaye, Gaetano Ferrante, Jamie Walton, Howard Marshall

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: In cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT), quadripolar (QUAD) left ventricular (LV) leads are less prone to postoperative complications than non‐QUAD leads. Some studies have suggested better clinical outcomes.
Methods and Results: Clinical events were assessed in 847 patients after CRT‐pacing or CRT‐defibrillation using either QUAD (n=287) or non‐QUAD (n=560), programmed to single‐site site LV pacing. Over a follow‐up period of 3.2 years (median [interquartile range, 1.90–5.0]), QUAD was associated with a lower total mortality (adjusted hazard ratio [aHR]: 0.32, 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.20–0.52), cardiac mortality (aHR: 0.36, 95% CI, 0.20–0.65), and heart failure (HF) hospitalization (aHR: 0.62, 95% CI, 0.39–0.99), after adjustment for age, sex, New York Heart Association class, HF etiology, device type (CRT‐pacing or CRT‐defibrillation), comorbidities, atrial rhythm, medication, left ventricular ejection fraction, and creatinine. Death from pump failure was lower with QUAD (aHR: 0.33; 95% CI, 0.18–0.62), but no group differences emerged with respect to sudden cardiac death. There were no differences in implant‐related complications. Re‐interventions for LV displacement or phrenic nerve stimulation, which were lower with QUAD, predicted total mortality (aHR: 1.68, 95% CI, 1.11–2.54), cardiac mortality (aHR: 2.61, 95% CI, 1.66–4.11) and HF hospitalization (aHR: 2.09, 95% CI, 1.22–3.58).
Conclusions: CRT using QUAD, programmed to biventricular pacing with single‐site LV pacing, is associated with a lower total mortality, cardiac mortality, and HF hospitalization. These trends were observed for both CRT‐defibrillation and CRT‐pacing, after adjustment for HF cause and other confounders. Re‐intervention for LV lead displacement or phrenic nerve stimulation was associated with worse outcomes.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1
JournalJournal of the American Heart Association
Volume6
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 17 Oct 2017

Bibliographical note

Copyright: 2017 The Authors. Published on behalf of the American Heart Association, Inc., by Wiley. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly
cited and is not used for commercial purposes.

Funding: Medtronic Inc, St Jude Medical, Boston Scientific, and
LivaNova.

Keywords

  • arrhythmia
  • heart failure
  • cardiac resynchronization therapy
  • bipolar lead
  • sudden cardiac death

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