Catalytic Pyrolysis of Biomass for Transportation Fuels

Angelos A. Lappas*, Kostas G. Kalogiannis, Eleni F. Iliopoulou, Kostas S. Triantafyllidis, Stylianos D. Stefanidis

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Improving the quality of bio-oil using heterogeneous catalysis has received extreme attention from several research groups. The challenges in developing this technology involve the processing of lig-nocellulosic materials and the development/optimization of advanced porous materials as efficient monofunctional and bifunctional catalysts for the production of transportation fuels from biomass. This chapter discusses the recent developments on catalysts and processes. It presents reviews on catalysts for biomass catalytic pyrolysis and catalytic biomass pyrolysis processes. Research challenges on biomass catalytic pyrolysis remain focused on the understanding of the mechanism of the catalytic conversion of lignocellulosic biomass into bio-oil, including structure-property relationships and product distribution, process conditions, and large-scale production and also novel catalysts development that do not sacrifice the bio-oil yield for its quality. Optimum catalyst development includes tailoring the porosity, acidity, basicity, metal-support interactions, controlled formation of appropriate catalyst particles, improved hydrothermal stability, and resistance to catalyst deactivation.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAdvances in Bioenergy
Subtitle of host publication The Sustainability Challenge
PublisherWiley-Blackwell
Chapter4
Pages45-56
Number of pages12
ISBN (Electronic)9781118957844
ISBN (Print)9781118957875
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 18 Dec 2015

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Keywords

  • Biomass catalytic pyrolysis
  • Catalytic biomass pyrolysis processes
  • Lig-nocellulosic materials
  • Lignocellulosic biomass
  • Transportation Fuels

Cite this

Lappas, A. A., Kalogiannis, K. G., Iliopoulou, E. F., Triantafyllidis, K. S., & Stefanidis, S. D. (2015). Catalytic Pyrolysis of Biomass for Transportation Fuels. In Advances in Bioenergy: The Sustainability Challenge (pp. 45-56). Wiley-Blackwell. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118957844.ch4