Catalytic pyrolysis of rice husk for bio-oil production

Muhammad S. Abu Bakar*, James O. Titiloye

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Catalytic pyrolysis experiments have been carried out on Brunei rice husk (BRH) to obtain bio-oil using a fixed-bed pyrolysis rig. ZSM-5, Al-MCM-41, Al-MSU-F and Brunei rice husk ash (BRHA) were used as the catalysts for the catalytic pyrolysis experiments and comparison was done to analyse the changes in the bio-oil properties and yield. Properties of the liquid catalytic and non-catalytic bio-oil were analysed in terms of water content, pH, acid number, viscosity, density and calorific value. The bio-oil chemical composition shows that ZSM-5 increases the production of aromatic hydrocarbons and light phenols, whilst Al-MCM-41 reduces the acetic acid production. The catalytic runs increased the calorific value and water content in the bio-oil, whilst viscosity, density and acid number is decreased.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)362-368
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis
Early online date27 Sept 2012
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2013

Bibliographical note

NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Journal of analytical and applied pyrolysis. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Abu Bakar, MS & Titiloye, JO, 'Catalytic pyrolysis of rice husk for bio-oil production' Journal of analytical and applied pyrolysis, vol In Press, Corrected Proof 2013). DOI


  • bio-oil
  • Brunei rice husk
  • catalytic pyrolysis
  • fixed-bed
  • rice husk ash


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