Biomass is the term given to naturally-produced organic matter resulting from photosynthesis, and represents the most abundant organic polymers on Earth. Consequently, there has been great interest in the potential exploitation of lignocellulosic biomass as a renewable feedstock for energy, materials and chemicals production. The energy sector has largely focused on the direct thermochemical processing of lignocellulose via pyrolysis/gasification for heat generation, and the co-production of bio-oils and bio-gas which may be upgraded to produce drop-in transportation fuels. This mini-review describes recent advances in the design and application of solid acid catalysts for the energy efficient upgrading of pyrolysis biofuels.
Bibliographical noteThis is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Ciddor, L., Bennett, J. A., Hunns, J. A., Wilson, K., & Lee, A. F. (2015). Catalytic upgrading of bio-oils by esterification. Journal of chemical technology and biotechnology, 90(5), 780-795, which has been published in final form at http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jctb.4662. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance With Wiley Terms and Conditions for self-archiving.
Funding: EPSRC (EP/G007594/4, EP/K036548/1 and a Leadership Fellowship; Royal Society (Industry Fellowship; and European Union Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/2007-2013)
under grant agreement no. 604307
- catalytic processes
- green chemistry