Changes in the clustering patterns of beta-amyloid (Abeta) with age in Down's syndrome

Richard A. Armstrong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The spatial distribution patterns of the diffuse, primitive, and classic beta-amyloid (Abeta) deposits were studied in areas of the medial temporal lobe in 12 cases of Down's Syndrome (DS) 35 to 67 years of age. Large clusters of diffuse deposits were present in the youngest patients; cluster size then declined with patient age but increased again in the oldest patients. By contrast, the cluster sizes of the primitive and classic deposits increased with age to a maximum in patients 45 to 55 and 60 years of age respectively and declined in size in the oldest patients. In the parahippocampal gyrus (PHG), the clusters of the primitive deposits were most highly clustered in cases of intermediate age. The data suggest a developmental sequence in DS in which Abeta is deposited initially in the form of large clusters of diffuse deposits that are then gradually replaced by clusters of primitive and classic deposits. The oldest patients were an exception to this sequence in that the pattern of clustering resembled that of the youngest patients.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)37-43
Number of pages7
JournalAlzheimers Reports
Publication statusPublished - 2001


  • Down's syndrome
  • Alzheimer's disease
  • Abeta deposits
  • spatial pattern
  • age
  • medial temporal lobe
  • clustering.


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