Avidity of yeast and hyphal forms of Candida albicans for FITC-conjugated lectins was determined by flow cytometry and digital microscopy. Yeast phase cells bound Con A, a lectin with marked affinity for mannose, irrespective of growth phase, yet demonstrated little avidity for WGA and SBA. Yeast phase cell avidity for mannose-specific lectins was characterized through determination of FITC-conjugated Con A, LcH, PSA and GNA binding and subsequent calculation of Bmax, EC50 and Hn values. Such an approach, through comparison among FITC-conjugated lectins of differing specific activities, furnishes further insight into exposed outer cell wall mannose moieties. The rank order of lectin affinity as defined by EC50 values was GNA > Con A > LcH > PSA. Values for Hn suggest that lectins predominantly bind to a single receptor class, the relative abundance of which as defined by Bmax values was PSA > GNA > Con A > LcH. Hyphal surfaces in common with yeast phase cells demonstrated marked avidity for FITC-Con A, however, fluorescence of Candida morphological forms differed significantly, indicative of varying outer cell wall mannose exposure.
|Number of pages||10|
|Publication status||Published - 9 Oct 2002|