1. The receptors which mediate the effects of calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), amylin and adrenomedullin on the guinea-pig vas deferens have been investigated. 2. All three peptides cause concentration dependant inhibitions of the electrically stimulated twitch response (pD 2s for CGRP, amylin and adrenomedullin of 7.90 ± 0.11, 7.70 ± 0.19 and 7.25 ± 0.10 respectively). 3. CGRP 8-37 (1 μM) and AC187 (10 μM) showed little antagonist activity against adrenomedullin. 4. Adrenomedullin 22-52 by itself inhibited the electrically stimulated contractions of the vas deferens and also antagonized the responses to CGRP, amylin and adrenomedullin. 5. [ 125I]-adrenomedullin labelled a single population of binding sites in vas deferens membranes with a pIC 50 of 8.91 and a capacity of 643 fmol mg -1. Its selectivity profile was adrenomedullin > AC187 > CGRP = amylin. It was clearly distinct from a site labelled by [ 125I]-CGRP (pIC 50 = 8.73, capacity = 114 fmol mg -1, selectivity CGRP > amylin = AC187 > adrenomedullin). [ 125I]-amylin bound to two sites with a total capacity of 882 fmol mg -1. 6. Although CGRP has been shown to act at a CGRP 2 receptor on the vas deferens with low sensitivity to CGRP 8-37, this antagonist displaced [ 125I]-CGRP with high affinity from vas deferens membranes. This affinity was unaltered by increasing the temperature from 4°C to 25°C, suggesting the anomalous behaviour of CGRP 8-37 is not due to temperature differences between binding and functional assays.
- CGRP receptor
- vas deferens