Characterization of receptors for calcitonin gene-related peptide and adrenomedullin on the guinea-pig vas deferens

David R. Poyner*, Gillian M. Taylor, A. Elaine Tomlinson, Alan G. Richardson, David M. Smith

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

1. The receptors which mediate the effects of calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), amylin and adrenomedullin on the guinea-pig vas deferens have been investigated. 2. All three peptides cause concentration dependant inhibitions of the electrically stimulated twitch response (pD 2s for CGRP, amylin and adrenomedullin of 7.90 ± 0.11, 7.70 ± 0.19 and 7.25 ± 0.10 respectively). 3. CGRP 8-37 (1 μM) and AC187 (10 μM) showed little antagonist activity against adrenomedullin. 4. Adrenomedullin 22-52 by itself inhibited the electrically stimulated contractions of the vas deferens and also antagonized the responses to CGRP, amylin and adrenomedullin. 5. [ 125I]-adrenomedullin labelled a single population of binding sites in vas deferens membranes with a pIC 50 of 8.91 and a capacity of 643 fmol mg -1. Its selectivity profile was adrenomedullin > AC187 > CGRP = amylin. It was clearly distinct from a site labelled by [ 125I]-CGRP (pIC 50 = 8.73, capacity = 114 fmol mg -1, selectivity CGRP > amylin = AC187 > adrenomedullin). [ 125I]-amylin bound to two sites with a total capacity of 882 fmol mg -1. 6. Although CGRP has been shown to act at a CGRP 2 receptor on the vas deferens with low sensitivity to CGRP 8-37, this antagonist displaced [ 125I]-CGRP with high affinity from vas deferens membranes. This affinity was unaltered by increasing the temperature from 4°C to 25°C, suggesting the anomalous behaviour of CGRP 8-37 is not due to temperature differences between binding and functional assays.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1276-1282
Number of pages7
JournalBritish Journal of Pharmacology
Volume126
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 22 Mar 1999

Fingerprint

Calcitonin Gene-Related Peptide Receptors
Adrenomedullin
Vas Deferens
Calcitonin Gene-Related Peptide
Islet Amyloid Polypeptide
Guinea Pigs
Temperature
Membranes
Binding Sites
Peptides

Keywords

  • adrenomedullin
  • amylin
  • CGRP
  • CGRP receptor
  • guinea-pig
  • vas deferens

Cite this

Poyner, David R. ; Taylor, Gillian M. ; Tomlinson, A. Elaine ; Richardson, Alan G. ; Smith, David M. / Characterization of receptors for calcitonin gene-related peptide and adrenomedullin on the guinea-pig vas deferens. In: British Journal of Pharmacology. 1999 ; Vol. 126, No. 5. pp. 1276-1282.
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Characterization of receptors for calcitonin gene-related peptide and adrenomedullin on the guinea-pig vas deferens. / Poyner, David R.; Taylor, Gillian M.; Tomlinson, A. Elaine; Richardson, Alan G.; Smith, David M.

In: British Journal of Pharmacology, Vol. 126, No. 5, 22.03.1999, p. 1276-1282.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Characterization of receptors for calcitonin gene-related peptide and adrenomedullin on the guinea-pig vas deferens

AU - Poyner, David R.

AU - Taylor, Gillian M.

AU - Tomlinson, A. Elaine

AU - Richardson, Alan G.

AU - Smith, David M.

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N2 - 1. The receptors which mediate the effects of calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), amylin and adrenomedullin on the guinea-pig vas deferens have been investigated. 2. All three peptides cause concentration dependant inhibitions of the electrically stimulated twitch response (pD 2s for CGRP, amylin and adrenomedullin of 7.90 ± 0.11, 7.70 ± 0.19 and 7.25 ± 0.10 respectively). 3. CGRP 8-37 (1 μM) and AC187 (10 μM) showed little antagonist activity against adrenomedullin. 4. Adrenomedullin 22-52 by itself inhibited the electrically stimulated contractions of the vas deferens and also antagonized the responses to CGRP, amylin and adrenomedullin. 5. [ 125I]-adrenomedullin labelled a single population of binding sites in vas deferens membranes with a pIC 50 of 8.91 and a capacity of 643 fmol mg -1. Its selectivity profile was adrenomedullin > AC187 > CGRP = amylin. It was clearly distinct from a site labelled by [ 125I]-CGRP (pIC 50 = 8.73, capacity = 114 fmol mg -1, selectivity CGRP > amylin = AC187 > adrenomedullin). [ 125I]-amylin bound to two sites with a total capacity of 882 fmol mg -1. 6. Although CGRP has been shown to act at a CGRP 2 receptor on the vas deferens with low sensitivity to CGRP 8-37, this antagonist displaced [ 125I]-CGRP with high affinity from vas deferens membranes. This affinity was unaltered by increasing the temperature from 4°C to 25°C, suggesting the anomalous behaviour of CGRP 8-37 is not due to temperature differences between binding and functional assays.

AB - 1. The receptors which mediate the effects of calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), amylin and adrenomedullin on the guinea-pig vas deferens have been investigated. 2. All three peptides cause concentration dependant inhibitions of the electrically stimulated twitch response (pD 2s for CGRP, amylin and adrenomedullin of 7.90 ± 0.11, 7.70 ± 0.19 and 7.25 ± 0.10 respectively). 3. CGRP 8-37 (1 μM) and AC187 (10 μM) showed little antagonist activity against adrenomedullin. 4. Adrenomedullin 22-52 by itself inhibited the electrically stimulated contractions of the vas deferens and also antagonized the responses to CGRP, amylin and adrenomedullin. 5. [ 125I]-adrenomedullin labelled a single population of binding sites in vas deferens membranes with a pIC 50 of 8.91 and a capacity of 643 fmol mg -1. Its selectivity profile was adrenomedullin > AC187 > CGRP = amylin. It was clearly distinct from a site labelled by [ 125I]-CGRP (pIC 50 = 8.73, capacity = 114 fmol mg -1, selectivity CGRP > amylin = AC187 > adrenomedullin). [ 125I]-amylin bound to two sites with a total capacity of 882 fmol mg -1. 6. Although CGRP has been shown to act at a CGRP 2 receptor on the vas deferens with low sensitivity to CGRP 8-37, this antagonist displaced [ 125I]-CGRP with high affinity from vas deferens membranes. This affinity was unaltered by increasing the temperature from 4°C to 25°C, suggesting the anomalous behaviour of CGRP 8-37 is not due to temperature differences between binding and functional assays.

KW - adrenomedullin

KW - amylin

KW - CGRP

KW - CGRP receptor

KW - guinea-pig

KW - vas deferens

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