Charge effects on the hindered transport of macromolecules across the endothelial surface glycocalyx layer

Masako Sugihara-Seki, Takeshi Akinaga, Hideyuki O-Tani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

A fluid mechanical and electrostatic model for the transport of solute molecules across the vascular endothelial surface glycocalyx layer (EGL) was developed to study the charge effect on the diffusive and convective transport of the solutes. The solute was assumed to be a spherical particle with a constant surface charge density, and the EGL was represented as an array of periodically arranged circular cylinders of like charge, with a constant surface charge density. By combining the fluid mechanical analyses for the flow around a solute suspended in an electrolyte solution and the electrostatic analyses for the free energy of the interaction between the solute and cylinders based on a mean field theory, we estimated the transport coefficients of the solute across the EGL. Both of diffusive and convective transports are reduced compared to those for an uncharged system, due to the stronger exclusion of the solute that results from the repulsive electrostatic interaction. The model prediction for the reflection coefficient for serum albumin agreed well with experimental observations if the charge density in the EGL is ranged from approximately -10 to -30 mEq/l.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)301-316
Number of pages16
JournalBiorheology
Volume49
Issue number5-6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Keywords

  • Debye–Hückel equation
  • hindrance factors
  • reflection coefficient
  • Boltzmann factor

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