Co-ordinated structural and functional covariance in the adolescent brain underlies face processing performance

Daniel Joel Shaw, Radek Mareček, Marie Helene Grosbras, Gabriel Leonard, G. Bruce Pike, Tomáš Paus

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Our ability to process complex social cues presented by faces improves during adolescence. Using multivariate analyses of neuroimaging data collected longitudinally from a sample of 38 adolescents (17 males) when they were 10, 11.5, 13 and 15 years old, we tested the possibility that there exists parallel variations in the structural and functional development of neural systems supporting face processing. By combining measures of task-related functional connectivity and brain morphology, we reveal that both the structural covariance and functional connectivity among 'distal' nodes of the face-processing network engaged by ambiguous faces increase during this age range. Furthermore, we show that the trajectory of increasing functional connectivity between the distal nodes occurs in tandem with the development of their structural covariance. This demonstrates a tight coupling between functional and structural maturation within the face-processing network. Finally, we demonstrate that increased functional connectivity is associated with age-related improvements of face-processing performance, particularly in females. We suggest that our findings reflect greater integration among distal elements of the neural systems supporting the processing of facial expressions. This, in turn, might facilitate an enhanced extraction of social information from faces during a time when greater importance is placed on social interactions.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbernsv138
Pages (from-to)556-568
Number of pages13
JournalSocial Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
Volume11
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2016

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Brain
Facial Expression
Aptitude
Information Storage and Retrieval
Interpersonal Relations
Neuroimaging
Cues
Multivariate Analysis

Keywords

  • Adolescence
  • Development
  • Face processing
  • Functional connectivity
  • Structural covariance

Cite this

Joel Shaw, D., Mareček, R., Grosbras, M. H., Leonard, G., Pike, G. B., & Paus, T. (2016). Co-ordinated structural and functional covariance in the adolescent brain underlies face processing performance. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 11(4), 556-568. [nsv138]. https://doi.org/10.1093/scan/nsv138
Joel Shaw, Daniel ; Mareček, Radek ; Grosbras, Marie Helene ; Leonard, Gabriel ; Pike, G. Bruce ; Paus, Tomáš. / Co-ordinated structural and functional covariance in the adolescent brain underlies face processing performance. In: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience. 2016 ; Vol. 11, No. 4. pp. 556-568.
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Joel Shaw, D, Mareček, R, Grosbras, MH, Leonard, G, Pike, GB & Paus, T 2016, 'Co-ordinated structural and functional covariance in the adolescent brain underlies face processing performance', Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, vol. 11, no. 4, nsv138, pp. 556-568. https://doi.org/10.1093/scan/nsv138

Co-ordinated structural and functional covariance in the adolescent brain underlies face processing performance. / Joel Shaw, Daniel; Mareček, Radek; Grosbras, Marie Helene; Leonard, Gabriel; Pike, G. Bruce; Paus, Tomáš.

In: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, Vol. 11, No. 4, nsv138, 01.04.2016, p. 556-568.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Joel Shaw D, Mareček R, Grosbras MH, Leonard G, Pike GB, Paus T. Co-ordinated structural and functional covariance in the adolescent brain underlies face processing performance. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience. 2016 Apr 1;11(4):556-568. nsv138. https://doi.org/10.1093/scan/nsv138