Cocaine- and amphetamine-regulated transcript peptide (CART) in the central nucleus of amygdala potentiates behavioral and hormonal responses of the rat exposed to its predator

Manoj A. Upadhya, Dadasaheb M. Kokare, Nishikant K. Subhedar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Since cocaine- and amphetamine-regulated transcript peptide (CART) regulates anxiety and stress in amygdala, we hypothesized that the peptide may also process negative psychological experience like fear. During acute exposure to a cat, the rat showed freezing behavior and subsequently, profound signs of anxiety in social interaction test, and elevated serum cortisol concentration. While these behavioral effects were potentiated by the intracerebroventricular (icv) and intra-central nucleus of amygdala (intra-CeA) administration of CART peptide, they were blocked by CART antibody. On the other hand, chronic exposure for 7 days resulted in a steady reduction in freezing, increase in social interaction index and restored cortisol levels. In these rats, the behavior resembled with that of the time matched control rats suggesting habituation. However, CART peptide treatment, via the icv or intra-CeA route, chronically for 7 days, prevented habituation; significant freezing behavior and anxiety were noticed in these rats. The results suggest that CART peptide, in the framework of CeA, may process predator triggered innate fear in acute time scale, while chronic exposure might down-regulate the system and produce habituation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)129-137
JournalBehavioural Brain Research
Volume243
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Apr 2013

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Amphetamine
Cocaine
Peptides
Freezing
Anxiety
Interpersonal Relations
Fear
Hydrocortisone
Central Amygdaloid Nucleus
Amygdala
Cats
Down-Regulation
Psychology
Antibodies
Serum

Cite this

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title = "Cocaine- and amphetamine-regulated transcript peptide (CART) in the central nucleus of amygdala potentiates behavioral and hormonal responses of the rat exposed to its predator",
abstract = "Since cocaine- and amphetamine-regulated transcript peptide (CART) regulates anxiety and stress in amygdala, we hypothesized that the peptide may also process negative psychological experience like fear. During acute exposure to a cat, the rat showed freezing behavior and subsequently, profound signs of anxiety in social interaction test, and elevated serum cortisol concentration. While these behavioral effects were potentiated by the intracerebroventricular (icv) and intra-central nucleus of amygdala (intra-CeA) administration of CART peptide, they were blocked by CART antibody. On the other hand, chronic exposure for 7 days resulted in a steady reduction in freezing, increase in social interaction index and restored cortisol levels. In these rats, the behavior resembled with that of the time matched control rats suggesting habituation. However, CART peptide treatment, via the icv or intra-CeA route, chronically for 7 days, prevented habituation; significant freezing behavior and anxiety were noticed in these rats. The results suggest that CART peptide, in the framework of CeA, may process predator triggered innate fear in acute time scale, while chronic exposure might down-regulate the system and produce habituation.",
author = "Upadhya, {Manoj A.} and Kokare, {Dadasaheb M.} and Subhedar, {Nishikant K.}",
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T1 - Cocaine- and amphetamine-regulated transcript peptide (CART) in the central nucleus of amygdala potentiates behavioral and hormonal responses of the rat exposed to its predator

AU - Upadhya, Manoj A.

AU - Kokare, Dadasaheb M.

AU - Subhedar, Nishikant K.

PY - 2013/4/15

Y1 - 2013/4/15

N2 - Since cocaine- and amphetamine-regulated transcript peptide (CART) regulates anxiety and stress in amygdala, we hypothesized that the peptide may also process negative psychological experience like fear. During acute exposure to a cat, the rat showed freezing behavior and subsequently, profound signs of anxiety in social interaction test, and elevated serum cortisol concentration. While these behavioral effects were potentiated by the intracerebroventricular (icv) and intra-central nucleus of amygdala (intra-CeA) administration of CART peptide, they were blocked by CART antibody. On the other hand, chronic exposure for 7 days resulted in a steady reduction in freezing, increase in social interaction index and restored cortisol levels. In these rats, the behavior resembled with that of the time matched control rats suggesting habituation. However, CART peptide treatment, via the icv or intra-CeA route, chronically for 7 days, prevented habituation; significant freezing behavior and anxiety were noticed in these rats. The results suggest that CART peptide, in the framework of CeA, may process predator triggered innate fear in acute time scale, while chronic exposure might down-regulate the system and produce habituation.

AB - Since cocaine- and amphetamine-regulated transcript peptide (CART) regulates anxiety and stress in amygdala, we hypothesized that the peptide may also process negative psychological experience like fear. During acute exposure to a cat, the rat showed freezing behavior and subsequently, profound signs of anxiety in social interaction test, and elevated serum cortisol concentration. While these behavioral effects were potentiated by the intracerebroventricular (icv) and intra-central nucleus of amygdala (intra-CeA) administration of CART peptide, they were blocked by CART antibody. On the other hand, chronic exposure for 7 days resulted in a steady reduction in freezing, increase in social interaction index and restored cortisol levels. In these rats, the behavior resembled with that of the time matched control rats suggesting habituation. However, CART peptide treatment, via the icv or intra-CeA route, chronically for 7 days, prevented habituation; significant freezing behavior and anxiety were noticed in these rats. The results suggest that CART peptide, in the framework of CeA, may process predator triggered innate fear in acute time scale, while chronic exposure might down-regulate the system and produce habituation.

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