Coke formation in the oxidative dehydrogenation of ethylbenzene to styrene by TEOM

C. Nederlof, P. Vijfhuizen, V. Zarubina, I. Melián-Cabrera, F. Kapteijn, M. Makkee*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A packed bed microbalance reactor setup (TEOM-GC) is used to investigate the formation of coke as a function of time-on-stream on γ-Al2O3 and 3P/SiO2 catalyst samples under different conditions for the ODH reaction of ethylbenzene to styrene. All samples show a linear correlation of the styrene selectivity and yield with the initial coverage of coke. The COX production increases with the coverage of coke. On the 3 wt% P/SiO2 sample, the initial coke build-up is slow and the coke deposition rate increases with time. On alumina-based catalyst samples, a fast initial coke build-up takes place, decreasing with time-on-stream, but the amount of coke does not stabilize. A higher O2 : EB feed ratio results in more coke, and a higher temperature results in less coke. This coking behaviour of Al2O3 can be described by existing "monolayer-multilayer" models. Further, the coverage of coke on the catalyst varies with the position in the bed. For maximal styrene selectivity, the optimal coverage of coke should be sufficient to convert all O2, but as low as possible to prevent selectivity loss by COX production. This is in favour of high temperature and low O2 : EB feed ratios. The optimal coke coverage depends in a complex way on all the parameters: temperature, the O2 : EB feed ratio, reactant concentrations, and the type of starting material. This journal is

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3879-3890
Number of pages12
JournalCatalysis Science and Technology
Issue number11
Early online date25 Jun 2014
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2014


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