Comparing the Methods of A3 and Canvas

Lauri Koskela, Rafaella D. Broft, Ergo Pikas, Algan Tezel

Research output: Chapter in Book/Published conference outputConference publication


The method of A3, which originated in the framework of the Toyota Production System, is used for collaborative problem solving, status reporting,and presenting proposals. It is now widely used as a part of the implementation of lean in different industries. In turn, the Canvas method was initially developed, through academic research, for generating business models, but over time it has been generalised for many other situations. In subsequent research, design principles for Canvases have been developed. The use of the Canvas method has rapidly increased in practice .As these two methods seem to have similarities regarding application areas and working principles, it is of interest to compare them. The following questions are addressed: How are these two methods similar and dissimilar? Are there underlying theories that could shed new light on both methods? A better understanding of these methods, both theoretically and practically, might be beneficial for their use in different contexts and scenarios. Especially, enhanced mastery of these methods would be instrumental for collaborative resolution of the well-known problems in construction.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 28th Annual Conference of the International Group for Lean Construction
EditorsI.D. Tommelein, E. Daniel
Place of PublicationUnited Kingdom
Number of pages12
Publication statusPublished - 6 Jul 2020
Event28th Annual Conference of the International Group for Lean Construction , IGLC28 - Berkeley, United States
Duration: 6 Jul 202010 Jul 2020


Conference28th Annual Conference of the International Group for Lean Construction , IGLC28
Country/TerritoryUnited States

Bibliographical note

© 2020 The Authors


  • Lean construction
  • A3 method
  • Canvas method
  • visual management
  • theory


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